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Table 1 Distribution and general characteristics of patients in both groups

From: Antibiotic prophylaxis for caesarean section at a Ugandan hospital: a randomised clinical trial evaluating the effect of administration time on the incidence of postoperative infections

Variable Randomisation group Overall N (%) P value
Pre-incision N (%)Post-incision
N (%) N (%)
Age group in years     
1825 124 (56.11) 121 (57.35) 245 (56.71)  
2635 88 (39.82) 81 (38.39) 169 (39.12)  
>35 9 (4.02) 9 (4.27) 18 (4.17) 0.953
Diabetes     
No 210 (99.53) 218 (98.64) 428 (99.07)  
Yes 1 (0.47) 3 (1.36) 4 (0.93) 0.338
HIV status     
Not known 26 (12.32) 29 (13.12) 55 (12.73)  
Positive 23 (10.90) 25 (11.31) 48 (11.11)  
Negative 162 (76.78) 165 (75.57) 329 (76.16) 0.955
Chronic medication     
No 190 (90.05) 196 (88.69) 386 (89.35)  
Yes 21 (9.95) 25 (11.31) 46 (10.65) 0.647
Previous Operation     
No 107 (50.71) 126 (57.01) 233 (53.94)  
Yes 104 (49.29) 95 (42.99) 199 (46.06) 0.189
Type of incision     
Midline 106 (50.24) 86 (38.91) 192 (44.44)  
Pfannenstiel 105 (49.76) 135 (61.09) 240 (55.56) 0.018
Anaesthesia given     
General 32 (15.17) 62 (28.05) 94 (21.76)  
Spinal 179 (84.83) 159 (71.95) 338 (78.24) 0.001
Intraoperative complications     
No 200 (94.79) 206 (93.21) 406 (93.98)  
Yes 11 (5.21) 15 (6.79) 26 (6.02) 0.492
  1. N, number; HIV, human immunodeficiency virus.