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Table 5 Differences in subscale scores and overall score of the CEQ by different groups

From: Childbirth experience questionnaire: validating its use in the United Kingdom

  Own capacity Professional support Perceived safety Participation Mean CEQ score
Labour duration ≤ 12 hours 2.58 (0.55) 3.51 (0.68) 3.00 (0.68) 3.02 (0.84) 3.02 (0.52)
Labour duration > 12 hours 2.23 (0.51) 3.55 (0.51) 2.67 (0.68) 2.97 (0.57) 2.86 (0.44)
Unadjusted p-value <0.001 0.54 0.004 0.45 0.011
Effect size 0.62 −0.06 0.48 0.06 0.31
No oxytocin augmentation 2.65 (0.56) 3.49 (0.64) 3.12 (0.60) 3.02 (0.83) 3.07 (0.49)
Oxytocin augmentation 2.35 (0.54) 3.53 (0.68) 2.74 (0.72) 2.98 (0.78) 2.90 (0.51)
Unadjusted p-value <0.001 0.18 <0.001 0.61 0.014
Effect size 0.53 −0.06 0.55 0.05 0.33
Spontaneous vaginal delivery 2.64 (0.57) 3.55 (0.63) 3.10 (0.65) 3.15 (0.86) 3.11 (0.52)
Operative delivery 2.35 (0.53) 3.47 (0.69) 2.76 (0.69) 2.85 (0.73) 2.86 (0.47)
Unadjusted p-value <0.001 0.53 <0.001 0.002 <0.001
Effect size 0.51 0.12 0.49 0.38 0.49
  1. Data presented as mean (SD). Mann–Whitney U-test was used to compute p-values. Operative delivery includes instrumental vaginal and caesarean deliveries. Total score for the CEQ is the mean score of the 4 subscales. Numbers given to 2 significant figures.