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Table 1 Childbirth experience questionnaire (CEQ) domains and included items

From: Childbirth experience questionnaire: validating its use in the United Kingdom

Domain Items
Own capacity Labour and birth went as I had expected
I felt strong during labour and birth
I felt capable during labour and birth
I was tired during labour and birth
I felt happy during labour and birth
I felt that I handled the situation well
As a whole, how painful did you feel childbirth was?*
As a whole, how much control did you feel you had during childbirth?*
Professional support My midwife devoted enough time to me
My midwife devoted enough time to my partner
My midwife kept me informed about what was happening during labour and birth
My midwife understood my needs
I felt very well cared for by my midwife
Perceived safety I felt scared during labour and birth
I have many positive memories from childbirth
I have many negative memories from childbirth
Some of my memories from childbirth make me feel depressed
My impression of the team’s medical skills made me feel secure
As a whole, how secure did you feel during childbirth?*
Participation I felt I could have a say whether I could be up and about or lie down
I felt I could have a say in deciding my birthing position
I felt I could have a say in the choice of pain relief
  1. *VAS-scale with anchors.