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Table 1 Maternal and newborn characteristics of study subjects

From: Urinary cortisol and depression in early pregnancy: role of adiposity and race

  Non-depressed control subjects (n = 25) Depressed subjects (n = 25)
Maternal age (years) 22.2 ± 3.0 22.3 ± 3.1
Maternal weight (lbs) 179.8 ± 43.1 181.7 ± 45.4
Pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2) 30.3 ± 7.4 31.5 ± 7.7
Fat mass (lbs) 73.1 ± 33.3 71.4 ± 32.9
Percent body fat (%) 38.8 ± 8.1 37.4 ± 8.2
Waist/ hip ratio 0.857 ± 0.057 0.858 ± 0.080
Race (Black) n (%) 25 (100%) 25 (100%)
Average blood pressure at enrollment (mmHg) 113 ± 9/67 ± 7 110 ± 9/66 ± 7
Gestational age at delivery (weeks) 38.9 ± 1.6 39.5 ± 1.3
Infant birth weight (grams) 3254 ± 523 3274 ± 432
Infant birth weight centile (%) 58.9 ± 28.8 56.5 ± 24.4
Cigarette Smoker, n (%) 7/25 (28%) 13/25 (52%)
Household income   
<$10,000 20/25 (80%) 18/25 (72%)
$10-34,999 4/25 (16%) 5/25 (20%)
$35,000+ 1/25 (4%) 2/25 (8%)
Education level   
Some high school or GED 17/25 (68%) 21/25 (84%)
Some college or associate degree 8/25 (32%) 4/25 (16%)
Edinburgh Depression Scale (EDS) score at study enrollment 3.0 ± 2.3 14.1 ± 2.3 *
  1. Data are mean ± SD. *: p < 0.0001 compared to non-depressed control subjects.