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Table 1 Incidence of outcomes (individual and composite) by mode of delivery

From: Risk-adjusted operative delivery rates and maternal-neonatal outcomes as measures of quality assessment in obstetric care: a multicenter prospective study

  Overall SVD CD AVD
n = 15,189 n = 10,410 n = 3,638 n = 1,141
Maternal complications n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Major PPH 61 (0.40) 30 (0.29) 20 (0.55) 11 (0.96)
Hysterectomy 8 (0.05) 3 (0.03) 5 (0.14) 0 (0.00)
Wound hematoma 49 (0.32) 30 (0.29) 9 (0.25) 10 (0.88)
TED 6 (0.04) 2 (0.02) 3 (0.08) 1 (0.09)
Uterine rupture 2 (0.01) 0 (0.00) 2 (0.05) 0 (0.00)
Life threatening composite 111 (0.73) 59 (0.57) 32 (0.73) 20 (1.75)
Minor PPH 369 (2.43) 232 (2.23) 90 (2.47) 47 (4.12)
III-IV degree tears 50 (0.33) 39 (0.37) 0 (0.00) 11 (0.96)
Wound Dehiscence 25 (0.16) 12 (0.12) 10 (0.27) 3 (0.26)
Endometritis 69 (0.45) 23 (0.22) 42 (1.15) 4 (0.35)
Bowel/bladder injury 4 (0.03) 0 (0.00) 4 (0.11) 0 (0.00)
Anaesthesiological 7 (0.05) 4 (0.04) 2 (0.05) 1 (0.09)
Other* 19 (0.13) 6 (0.06) 12 (0.33) 1 (0.09)
Non-life threatening composite 485 (3.19) 283 (2.72) 142 (3.90) 60 (5.26)
Overall composite 596 (3.92) 342 (3.29) 174 (4.78) 80 (7.01)
Neonatal complications n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Mortality <7 days 17 (0.11) 3 (0.03) 13 (0.36) 1 (0.09)
Mortality <28 days 13 (0.09) 4 (0.04) 6 (0.16) 3 (0.26)
Neurologic symptoms 38 (0.25) 6 (0.06) 29 (0.80) 3 (0.26)
Life threatening composite 47 (0.31) 9 (0.09) 33 (0.91) 5 (0.44)
Pulmonary disorders 250 (1.65) 84 (0.81) 156 (4.29) 10 (0.88)
Bacterial infections 98 (0.65) 38 (0.37) 58 (1.59) 2 (0.18)
pH < 7.00 74 (0.49) 25 (0.24) 29 (0.80) 20 (1.75)
BD > 12 mmol/L 204 (1.34) 113 (1.09) 41 (1.13) 50 (4.38)
Apgar < 7 118 (0.78) 37 (0.36) 59 (1.62) 22 (1.93)
Other** 773 (5.09) 284 (2.73) 445 (12.23) 44 (3.86)
Non-life threatening composite 973 (6.41) 416 (4.00) 464 (12.75) 93 (8.15)
Overall composite 1,020 (6.72) 425 (4.08) 497 (13.66) 98 (8.59)
  1. Footnotes: SVD, spontaneous vaginal delivery; AVD, assisted vaginal delivery; CD, caesarean delivery; VD vaginal delivery ; PPH, post-partum hemorrhage; TED, thromboembolic disease; BD, base deficit.
  2. *Any other condition requiring Intensive Care Unit admission.
  3. **Any other condition requiring Neonatal Intensive Care Unit admission in term neonates (37–42 weeks).