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Table 1 Themes and sub-themes of approaching, identifying, and counseling violence in midwifery-encounters with Somali born women

From: Being a bridge: Swedish antenatal care midwives’ encounters with Somali-born women and questions of violence; a qualitative study

Themes Subthemes
Approaching violence in the care encounter See each woman’s uniqueness
Establishing trusting relationships
Achieving cultural competence
Identifying violence across diversity Facing different views and spectra of violence
Finding suitable ways of asking
Shared language is a key
Support and counseling in ‘the new society’ A bridge to support and awareness of rights
Encounter the ‘here-and-now-approach’