Skip to main content

Table 3 Odds Ratio (OR) for depression in pregnancy in univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses

From: A prospective cohort study of depression in pregnancy, prevalence and risk factors in a multi-ethnic population

  Unadjusted OR *Model 1 (R2= 19.7%) *Model 2 (R2= 20.7%) *Model 3 (R2= 18.9%)
OR 95% CI p-value OR 95% CI p-value OR 95% CI p-value OR 95% CI p-value
Ethnic origin (Western Europe ref)
  Middle East 2.60 1.40-2.80 0.002 2.81 1.29-6.15 0.010 2.44 1.07-5.57 0.034    
  South Asia 2.27 1.31-3.94 0.003 2.72 1.35-5.48 0.005 2.25 1.07-4.72 0.033    
  Other minorities 1.36 0.71-2.63 0.356 1.24 0.51-3.04 0.638 1.16 0.46-2.88 0.759    
Gestational week at inclusion 1.03 0.97-1.10 0.380 0.99 0.92-1.08 0.878 0.99 0.91-1.08 0.863 0.99 0.91-1.08 0.781
Age 1.01 0.97-1.05 0.743          
Single parenthood1 2.75 1.33-5.71) 0.007 2.91 1.035-8.18 0.043 2.74 0.96-7.84 0.060 2.05 0.79-5.36 0.143
Adverse life events
  (0-1 ref)
  2 1.91 1.05-3.46 0.033 1.54 0.77-3.08 0.222 1.58 0.79-3.17 0.199 1.64 0.82-3.27 0.161
  ≥3 6.22 3.46-11.18 <0.001 4.97 2.45-10.08 <0.001 4.95 2.43-10.10 <0.001 4.83 2.40-9.70 <0.001
Poor self-reported health2
  good (ref)
  bad 3.28 1.89-5.70 <0.001 2.00 1.01-3.99 0.048 2.08 1.04-4.16 0.039 2.29 1.16-4.48 0.016
Mother’s socioeconomic position (SEP)
  highest 60% (ref)             
  lowest 40% 1.62 0.10-2.65 0.028     1.30 0.73-2.31 0.370 1.68 0.98-2.90 0.061
Mother’s level of social integration
  highest 60% (ref)             
  lowest 40% 1.48 0.97-2.28 0.072        1.84 1.07-3.17 0.027
Previous history of depression3 3.01 1.86-5.14 <0.001 2.77 1.51-5.06 0.001 2.83 1.53-5.20 0.001 2.61 1.44-4.73 0.002
Read Norwegian newspapers/watch TV
  Daily(ref)
  Weekly 0.85 0.087-8.32 0.889          
  Seldom 1.12 0.42-3.01 0.828          
  Never 2.94 1.0-8.67 0.051          
Living together with in-laws 1.41 0.55-3.60 0.472     2.41 0.86-6.75 0.096    
  1. 1Living without partner.
  2. 23months before pregnancy.
  3. 3Collected postpartum.
  4. *Model 1-3: multiple logistic regression analyses with adjusted OR for included variables.