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Table 2 Sociodemographic characteristics for women with Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale score above and below cut-off 10

From: A prospective cohort study of depression in pregnancy, prevalence and risk factors in a multi-ethnic population

  Total 749 (100%) EPDS ≥10, n = 97 (13%) EPDS < 10, n = 652 (87%) p-value 4
Ethnic minority women 444 (59.3) 71 (73.2) 373 (57.2) 0.003
Age, mean (SD) 29.9 (4.84) 30 (5.17) 29.9 (4.79) 0.743
Nulliparous 344 (45.9) 39 (40.2) 305 (46.8) 0.226
Single parenthood1 40 (5.3) 11 (11.3) 29 (4.4) 0.005
Educational level
  <10 years education 120 (16.1) 19 (15.6) 101 (19.6) 0.721
  10-12 yrs, secondary level 295 (39.7) 39 (39.6) 256 (39.8)  
  up to 4 years of higher education 229 (30.8) 28 (28.9) 201 (31.1)  
  University/college 100 (13.4) 11 (11.3) 89 (13.8)  
Unemployed/working disabled (pre-pregnant) 219 (29.5) 39 (40.2) 180 (27.9) 0.013
Proportion with low SEP score 294 (39.3) 48 (49.5) 246 (37.7) 0.027
Proportion with low score for social integration 300 (40.0) 47 (48.5) 253 (38.8) 0.070
Sum score of recent adverse life events2
  0 or 1 event 544 (76.2) 49 (54.4) 495 (79.3) <0.001
  2 events 107 (14.9) 17 (18.9) 90 (14.4)  
  ≥3events 63 (8.8) 24 (26.7) 39 (6.3)  
Poor subjective health 3 months before pregnancy 77 (10.4) 22 (23.4) 55 (8.5) <0.001
History of depression3 114 (18.2) 29 (36.3) 85 (15.6) <0.001
  1. 1Living without a partner.
  2. 2From six months before pregnancy to gestational week 28.
  3. 3Data collected postpartum.
  4. 4Chi-square tests (%) for categorical variables or t-test (SD) for age (yrs).
  5. Values are in n (%) if not stated otherwise.