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Table 2 Plant species used for induction of abortion in Tanzania

From: Unsafe abortion in rural Tanzania – the use of traditional medicine from a patient and a provider perspective

  Local name Latin name Effect on force of contraction Effect on frequency of contraction
1 Akakurura Bidens pilosa L. ++ 0
2 Akaramata Rubia cordifolia + +
3 Akashwagara Ocimum suave Klilld. ++ 0
4 Eitezi Commelina africana L. ++ +
5 Ekijumbura Obetia radula (Baker) B.D.Jacks. + +
6 Engenyi Zehneria scabra (Linn. F.) Sond.E 0 +
7 Enkaka Aloe Vera Aloe sp 0 +
8   Oldenlandia corymbosa L. ++ 0
9 Eyabia Macrotyloma axillare (E.Mey.) Verdc 0 0
10 Eyabya no. 2 Manihot esculenta Crantz ++ 0
11 Kaitampunu Triumfetta microphylla Wight & Arn + +
12 Kikikarabo Azadirachta indica A. Juss. 0 +
13 Muarobaini Desmodium barbatum (L.) Benth ++ +
14 Omubabazi no. 1 Sphaerogyne latilifolia Naudin 0 0
15 Omubabazi no.2 Vernonia amygdalina Delile ++ +
16 Omubirizi Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck 0 0
17 Omudimu Ricinus communis L. + 0
18 Omujuna Canthium sp. 0 +
19 Omushangati Ficus thonningii Blume 0 0
20 Omutoma Cassia mimosoides L. 0 0
21 Orwangwe Biophytum helenae Buscal & Muschi 0 +
Webumbe
  1. + The extract induced contractions of more than 50% of the maximum contraction obtained with acetylcholine after adjustment for spontaneous contractions in at least one test concentration.
  2. ++ The extract induced contractions of the same strength as the maximum response obtained with acetylcholine in at least one test concentration.