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Table 2 Prevalence of overweight, obesity, hypocalcaemia and hypomagnesaemia amongst study participants

From: Serum calcium and magnesium levels in women presenting with pre-eclampsia and pregnancy-induced hypertension: a case–control study in the Cape Coast metropolis, Ghana

Variables Controls (n = 160) PIH (n = 120) PE (n = 100) Total (Prevalence)
BMI (kg/m 2 )     
BMI >25 64 (40.0%) 36 (30.0%) 52 (52.0%) 152 (40.0%)
BMI <25 96 (60.0%) 84 (70.0%) 48 (48.0%) 228 (60.0%)
Obese (≥30) 52 (32.5%) 44 (36.7%) 24 (24.0%) 120 (31.6%)
Non-obese (<30) 108 (67.5%) 76 (63.3%) 76 (76.0%) 260 (68.4%)
Ca 2+ (mmol/l)     
Low (<2.1) 8 (5.0%) 120 (100.0%) 100 (100.0%) 228 (60.0%)
Normal (2.1-2.8) 152 (95.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 152 (40.0%)
Mg 2+ (mmol/l)     
Low (<1.5) 24 (15.0%) 104 (86.7%) 100 (100.0%) 228 (60.0%)
Normal (1.5-2.0) 136 (85.0%) 16 (13.3%) 0 (0.0%) 152 (40.0%)
  1. BMI = Body Mass Index, Ca2+ = Calcium, Mg2+ = Magnesium, PIH: Pregnancy-induced hypertension; PE: Pre-eclampsia.