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Table 4 Pre-post outcome data for the non-randomised trial (selected population; n = 11)*

From: Antenatal mindfulness intervention to reduce depression, anxiety and stress: a pilot randomised controlled trial of the MindBabyBody program in an Australian tertiary maternity hospital

  Pre-program M (SD) Post-program M (SD) Mean difference (95% CI) t (df) p
Depression  
CES-D depression 24.60 (8.19) 18.20 (9.13) 6.40 (0.54, 12.26) 2.47 (9) 0.04
DASS depression 13.80 (7.74) 9.60 (6.10) 4.20 (1.38, 7.01) 3.37 (9) 0.01
Anxiety  
STAI state anxiety 49.67 (15.22) 39.33 (8.26) 10.33 (0.47, 20.20) 2.42 (8) 0.04
DASS anxiety 10.20 (2.52) 7.20 (4.54) 3.00 (−1.88, 7.88) 1.39 (9) 0.20
Stress  
PSS stress 22.46 (5.79) 17.18 (5.84) 5.27 (−0.86, 11.41) 1.91 (10) 0.09
DASS stress 21.20 (9.00) 16.60 (7.24) 4.60 (−0.45, 9.64) 2.06 (9) 0.07
Mindfulness  
Nonreactivity 18.00 (5.83) 20.64 (5.71) −2.64 (−6.48, 1.20) −1.53 (10) 0.16
Observing 22.73 (3.17) 25.55 (4.57) −2.82 (−5.65, 0.01) −2.22 (10) 0.05
Acting with awareness 24.09 (2.91) 27.45 (4.30) −3.36 (−5.43, −1.30) −3.63 (10) 0.01
Describing 26.27 (4.56) 29.91 (6.24) −3.64 (−6.64, −0.63) −2.69 (10) 0.02
Nonjudging 25.45 (5.87) 27.18 (6.15) −1.73 (−5.02, 1.57) −1.17 (10) 0.27
Full scale 116.55 (13.27) 130.73 (19.83) −14.18 (−23.13, −5.23) −3.53 (10) 0.01
  1. *Denominators may vary due to missing numbers.
  2. NB. Significant differences are presented in bold.