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Table 3 Temporal trends in low birth weight, preterm birth, small-for-gestational age (SGA) birth and perinatal mortality rates, Kaniyambadi (KB) and Nova Scotia (NS), 1986 to 2005.

From: Perinatal outcomes in a South Asian setting with high rates of low birth weight

Period Low birth weight/100 live births Preterm births/100 live births SGA rate/100 live births Stillbirths/1,000 total births Early neonatal deaths/1,000 live births Perinatal deaths/1,000 total births
  KB NS KB NS KB NS KB NS KB NS KB NS
1986–87 18.9 5.8 13.0 6.3 52.8 8.8 23.2 8.0 23.3 4.5 46.0 12.6
1988–89 18.1 5.5 14.3 5.7 49.9 7.9 26.7 6.8 23.5 3.2 49.6 9.9
1990–91 16.2 5.6 11.9 6.0 47.0 8.1 18.1 5.7 17.9 3.1 35.7 8.8
1992–93 17.1 5.5 10.6 6.3 47.1 7.9 21.6 5.9 17.4 3.6 38.6 9.5
1994–95 16.1 5.5 11.6 6.7 46.9 7.7 18.0 5.5 15.2 3.1 32.9 8.6
1996–97 16.8 5.4 13.6 7.1 44.3 7.5 25.6 4.5 15.2 2.8 40.5 7.3
1998–99 18.2 5.2 12.7 7.7 44.6 6.7 20.9 5.0 17.2 2.0 37.7 7.0
2000–01 17.0 5.3 12.0 7.7 46.6 6.5 17.7 4.3 17.4 2.2 34.7 6.4
2002–03 16.0 5.5 12.1 8.4 43.9 6.6 17.5 4.8 18.3 2.0 35.5 6.8
2004–05 15.4 5.7 11.5 7.9 46.0 6.3 19.7 4.9 14.5 1.6 33.9 6.4
Total 17.0 5.5 12.3 6.9 46.9 7.5 20.9 5.6 18.0 2.9 38.6 8.5
  1. Small for gestational age (SGA) rates determined using the 10th percentile cutoff of a Canadian fetal growth standard [25]. Perinatal outcome rates were estimated based on subjects without missing information (42,343 to 49,806 in Kaniyambadi and 159,893 to 208,020 in Nova Scotia).