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Table 2 Variations in indicators of use of maternal and child health services, by selected individual, household and community characteristics.

From: Determinants of use of maternal health services in Nigeria - looking beyond individual and household factors

Characteristics n Percent reporting use of:
   Antenatal care Medical personnel at delivery Postnatal care
Individual Factors     
Education     
   None 1013 37.1 17.7 19.3
   Primary 537 74.3 51.5 49.3
   Secondary 501 84.6 75.8 67.6
   Post-secondary 107 95.3 93.4 83.2
Age at Last Birth     
   15 -- 19 351 46.7 29.0 28.8
   20 -- 24 546 58.2 37.5 36.1
   25 -- 29 546 69.2 53.5 50.3
   30 -- 34 367 68.1 50.9 49.0
   35 -- 39 218 56.4 43.6 40.8
   40 + 130 52.3 43.1 36.1
Ethnic Group     
   Hausa 656 37.5 15.2 18.0
   Yoruba 313 91.4 81.4 70.9
   Igbo 221 87.3 78.7 73.7
   Fulani 136 41.9 17.6 27.2
   Kanuri 66 27.3 22.7 24.2
   Others 766 65.4 48.2 43.5
Child's rank of birth     
   1 -- 2 750 64.8 49.3 45.7
   3 + 1408 57.9 40.2 38.8
Attitudes towards family planning     
   Approve 1097 77.7 61.4 57.9
   Disapprove 1061 42.2 24.7 23.9
Ideal family size     
   Provided a numeric response 1122 74 61.0 55.1
   Provided a non-numeric response (Up to God, etc.)     
  1036 45.4 24.3 26.0
Household Factors     
Household socio-economic status     
   Very poor 440 27.9 13.2 17.0
   Poor 466 44.0 24.9 22.3
   Medium 394 62.4 39.8 38.8
   Rich 431 80.0 64.7 58.4
   Very rich 427 89.4 76.6 71.4
Community Factors     
Type of Place of Residence     
   Rural 1495 49.3 32.1 31.4
   Urban 663 84.9 68.8 63.3
Community media saturation     
   Low 858 35.1 18.4 18.4
   Medium 692 67.6 45.2 45.8
   High 608 87.5 76.6 68.1
Prevalence of small family norm in community     
   Low (0 -- 10%) 927 35.7 15.6 19.6
   Medium (11 -- 30%) 663 68.5 48.7 45.1
   High (< 30%) 568 90.8 82.6 71.8
State-level Factors     
Average number of people to a PHC in the state of residence     
   Small (< 5500) 737 71.5 52.4 47.5
   Medium (5500 -- 9000) 705 60.0 46.8 44.2
   Large (> 9000) 716 49.0 30.8 31.7
All Respondents 2158 60.3 43.4 41.2
  1. Source: Nigerian National HIV/AIDS and Reproductive Health Survey, 2005; Data on the ration of people to a Primary Health Center (PHC) came from the 2006 Core Welfare Indicator Questionnaire Survey, a national survey conducted by the Nigeria Federal Bureau of Statistics.