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Table 1 Comparison of background variables between the study and control groups

From: Evaluation of changes in postnatal care using the "Parents' Postnatal Sense of Security" instrument and an assessment of the instrument's reliability and validity

  Study group
n = 105
Control group
n = 98
p-value
Variables    
Age in years, mean (SD) 32 (± 5.4) 29 (± 5.6) < 0.01
College or university education 64 (60.9%) 38 (38.7%) < 0.01
Primiparous 46 (43.8%) 48 (48.9%) 0.550
Born outside Sweden 17 (16.2%) 17 (17.3%) 0.974
Other language spoken at home 12 (11.4%) 14 (14.2%) 0.690
Unemployed 11 (10.5%) 17 (17.3%) 0.225
Attended parenthood classes 56 (53.3%) 43 (43.8%) 0.228
Partner accompanied to antenatal visits 81 (77.1%) 79 (80.6%) 0.665
Partner present at the birth 98 (93.3%) 95 (96.9%) 0.389
Normal vaginal birth 85 (80.9%) 79 (80.6%) 1.000
Baby born post-maturely 6 (5.7%) 5 (5.1%) 1.000
No postpartum talk with a midwife 37 (35.2%) 36 (36.7%) 0.940
  1. There were between 1 and 3 non-responders in the study group for five questions and between 1 and 2 in the control group for four questions
  2. Mean age was tested with t-test, all other variables tested with Chi2