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Table 2 Use of prophylactic antibiotics and blood loss for women having a caesarean section (as percentage of caesarean deliveries)

From: Caesarean section in four South East Asian countries: reasons for, rates, associated care practices and health outcomes

  Indonesia    Malaysia    The Philippines    Thailand    
  Overall Tertiary District Overall Tertiary 1 Tertiary 2 Overall Tertiary 1 Tertiary 2 Overall Regional University Provincial
  n = 618 n = 292 n = 326 n = 453 n = 264 n = 189 n = 474 n = 126 n = 348 n = 1045 n = 333 n = 332 n = 380
Antibiotics given 100 100 100 99 100 98 93 100 91 100 100 99 100
If yes, when given              
pre-operatively 0 0 0 60 100 4 58 99 41 9 21 2 6
after cord clamped 0 0 0 1 0 1 12 1 16 88 78 99 87
post-operatively 100 100 100 39 0 95 31 0 43 3 1 0 7
If given, which antibiotics              
cephalosporin 77 69 84 59 100 1 73 82 69 84 76 94 83
ampicillin 7 15 0 37 0 90 4 5 3 13 22 5 11
other 16 16 16 4 0 9 23 14 27 3 2 1 6
If given, what dosage              
single 0 0 0 59 100 0 76 93 70 53 82 84 1
multiple 100 100 100 41 0 100 24 7 30 47 18 16 99
Blood loss at caesarean section              
< = 500 mls 96 95 97 74 70 80 21 35 17 67 72 43 83
501 – 1000 mls 4 5 3 19 22 14 75 62 80 32 26 56 17
≥ 1000 mls 0 0 0 7 8 6 4 3 4 1 2 1 0
Postpartum haemorrhage > 500 ml 4 5 3 26 30 20 79 65 83 33 28 57 17
Postpartum transfusion 5 4 6 9 8 10 4 3 4 1 1 1 0
  1. Figures are percentage rounded to the nearest whole number