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Table 2 Women's awareness of danger signs during pregnancy, during delivery and after delivery presented by socio-demographic, obstetric characteristics, experience in the last pregnancy, and antenatal care attendance (N = 1118).

From: Rural Tanzanian women's awareness of danger signs of obstetric complications

  Awareness of danger signs during  
Socio-demographic and obstetric characteristic Pregnancy Delivery After delivery Total
  n % n % n %  
Age: p < 0.001   p < 0.001   p < 0.001   
-19 20 14.5 11 8.0 28 20.3 138
20–29 140 23.1 130 21.5 229 37.9 605
30–39 106 34.4 96 31.2 152 49.4 308
40- 20 29.9 18 26.9 37 55.2 67
Marital status: p = 0.25   p = 0.85   p = 0.12   
Single 31 20.7 32 21.3 51 34.0 150
Married/Cohabiting 233 26.0 205 22.9 360 40.2 895
Divorced/Separated/Widowed 22 30.1 18 24.7 35 47.9 73
Educational level: p < 0.001   p < 0.001   p < 0.001   
Not gone to school 78 17.5 68 15.2 150 33.6 446
Primary school incomplete 35 25.5 33 24.1 51 37.2 137
Primary school complete 158 30.7 145 28.2 231 44.9 515
Secondary school and above 15 75.0 9 45.0 14 70.0 20
Occupation: p = 0.084   p = 0.44   p = 0.15   
Peasant 214 24.9 197 23.0 328 38.2 858
Housewife 19 19.4 17 17.3 41 41.8 98
Petty businesswomen 44 32.1 36 26.3 64 46.7 137
Other 9 36.0 5 20.0 13 52.0 25
Number of deliveries p = 0.004   p = 0.002   p < 0.001   
1 43 19.3 32 14.3 62 27.8 223
2 – 4 134 24.5 132 24.1 208 38.0 548
5 - 109 31.4 91 26.2 176 50.7 347
Place of delivery: p < 0.001   p < 0.001   p < 0.001   
Home/Roadside 74 19.6 57 15.1 125 33.1 378
Health institution 212 28.6 198 26.8 321 43.4 740
Number of antenatal care visits a,b: p < 0.001   p < 0.001   p < 0.001   
-3 105 20.5 94 18.4 178 34.8 511
4- 171 29.9 150 26.3 254 44.5 571
Month booked antenatal care a: p = 0.138   p = 0.007   p = 0.087   
-3 67 28.5 68 28.9 104 44.3 235
4- 214 24.7 182 21.0 338 39.1 865
Informed of a risk/complication during antenatal care a: p < 0.001   p < 001   p = 0.003   
Yes 71 39.7 66 36.9 89 49.7 179
No 210 22.8 184 20.0 353 38.3 921
Advised to deliver in hospital c: p = 0.15   p = 0.36   p = 0.20   
Yes 58 23.9 56 23.0 93 38.3 243
No 110 28.0 97 24.7 165 42.0 393
  1. Note: P-value for χ2 – test between those who did not know of any danger signs versus those who knew one or more danger sign.
  2. a 18 women did not attend antenatal care
  3. b 18 women did not know the number of antenatal care visits
  4. c 482 women had no antenatal cards