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Table 4 Life threatening (near miss and maternal death) admissions according to the main diagnosis during hospitalisation in four hospitals Serang and Pandeglang districts (November 2003-October 2004)

From: Obstetric near miss and deaths in public and private hospitals in Indonesia

  DISTRICT hospitalS Private hospitals All hospitals
  Near miss and death Near miss n (%) Deaths n (%) Near miss and death Near miss n (%) Deaths n (%) Near miss and death Near miss n (%) Deaths n (%)
Early pregnancy loss 167 164 (98.2) 3 (1.8) 22 22 (100.0) - 189 186 (98.4) 3 (1.6)
   Abortion 97 96 (99.0) 1 (1.0) 3 3 (100.0) - 100 99 (99.0) 1 (1.0)
   Ectopic pregnancy 49 48 (98.0) 1 (2.0) 19 19 (100.0) - 68 67 (98.5) 1 (1.5)
   Hydatidiform mole 21 20 (95.2) 1 (4.8) - - - 21 20 (95.2) 1 (4.8)
Antepartum haemorrhage 119 112 (94.1) 7 (5.9) 6 6 (100.0) - 125 118 (94.4) 7 (5.6)
   Placenta praevia 78 75 (96.2) 3 (3.8) 5 5 (100.0) - 83 80 (96.4) 3 (3.6)
   Abruptio placentae 29 27 (93.1) 2 (6.9) - - - 29 27 (93.1) 2 (6.9)
   Unspecified 12 10 (83.3) 2 (16.7) 1 1 (100.0) - 13 11 (84.6) 2 (15.4)
Postpartum haemorrhage 191 182 (95.3) 9 (4.7) 10 10 (100.0) - 201 192 (95.5) 9 (4.5)
   Uterine atony 17 17 (100.0) - 1 1 (100.0) - 18 18 (100.0) -
   Retained placenta 60 56 (93.3) 4 (6.7) 1 1 (100.0) - 61 57 (93.4) 4 (6.6)
   Tear 21 20 (95.2) 1 (4.8) - - - 21 20 (95.2) 1 (4.8)
   Unspecified 93 89 (95.7) 4 (4.3) 8 8 (100.0) - 101 97 (96.0) 4 (4.0)
Hypertensive diseases 173 151 (87.3) 22(12.7) 12 12 (100.0) - 185 163 (88.1) 22 (11.9)
   Pre-eclampsia 67 60 (89.6) 7 (10.4) 6 6 (100.0) - 73 66 (90.4) 7 (9.6)
   Eclampsia 106 91 (85.8) 15 (14.2) 6 6 (100.0) - 112 97 (86.6) 15 (13.4)
Dystocia 82 72 (87.8) 10 (12.2) 18 17 (94.4) 1 (5.6) 100 89 (89.0) 11 (11.0)
   Uterine rupture 30 24 (80.0) 6 (20.0) 3 2 (66.7) 1 (33.3) 33 26 (78.8) 7 (21.2)
   Bandl's ring 5 5 (100.0) - - - - 5 5 (100.0) -
   CPD and prolonged labour 36 34 (94.4) 2 (5.6) 13 13 (100.0) - 49 47 (95.9) 2 (4.1)
   Malpresentation 11 9 (81.8) 2 (18.2) 2 2 (100.0) - 13 11 (84.6) 2 (15.4)
Infection 1 1 (100.0) - - - - 1 1 (100.0) -
Non obstetric complications 24 12 (50.0) 12 (50.0) 2 2 (100.0) - 26 14 (53.8) 12 (46.2)
Other complications* - - - - - - - - -
Normal Delivery - - - - - - - - -
All 757 694 (91.7) 63 (8.3) 70 69 (98.6) 1 (1.4) 827 763 (92.3) 64 (7.7)
  1. *Other complications include premature rupture of membranes anaemia, fetal distress, post-term, cord strangulation, twins, and hyperemesis gravidarum