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Table 2 Background characteristics of participants(n = 588)

From: Herbal medicine use during pregnancy in a group of Australian women

Characteristic No. %
Age (median, range) 32 (18–46)
Marital status (n = 584)   
   Married 422 72.3
   Living with partner 118 20.2
   Has partner, not cohabiting 17 2.9
   Single 21 3.6
   Separated or divorced 5 0.9
   Widowed 1 0.2
Secondary schooling (n = 584)   
   Completed secondary school to final year (12) 475 81.3
   Did not complete secondary school 97 16.6
   Attended primary school only 10 1.7
   Did not attend primary school 2 0.3
Higher education (n = 560)   
   Degree or higher 235 42.0
   No degree 325 58.0
Taxable income for the household for last year, AUD (n = 516)*   
   < $20,000 82 15.9
   $20,000–$30,000 75 14.5
   $30,000–$40,000 66 12.8
   $40,000–$50,000 63 12.2
   > $50,000 230 44.6
Country of birth (only top 7 listed) (n = 583)   
   Australia 314 53.9
   Vietnam 66 11.3
   China 31 5.3
   New Zealand 18 3.1
   India 15 2.6
   UK and Eire 13 2.2
   Turkey 10 1.7
If not born in Australia, years in Australia (n = 256)   
   Mean (SD) 10 (sd 9.2)
   Median (range) 8 (0–36)
English first language (n = 581)   
   Yes 378 65.1
Religion (n = 505)   
   Christian 237 46.9
   Muslim 55 10.9
   Buddhist 49 9.7
   Hindu 8 1.6
   Other 4 0.8
   None 152 30.0
Pre-pregnancy smoking (579)   
   None 436 75.3
   1–9 83 14.3
   10–19 40 6.9
   20–29 16 2.8
   30–39 4 0.7
   >40 0 -
Gestation at recruitment (n = 575)   
   Mean (sd) 38.45 (sd 1.28)
   Median (range) 38 (29–42)
First baby (n = 582)   
   Yes 310 53.3
Previous pregnancy losses (could tick more than one option)   
   Termination of pregnancy 134 22.8
   Miscarriage (including ectopic pregnancies) 113 19.2
   Stillbirth >20 weeks gestation 6 1.0
   Neonatal death 1 0.2
   None of these 353 60
Model of pregnancy care (n = 586)   
   Public hospital clinic (doctor or midwife) 280 47.7
   Shared care (majority of care with local family doctor) 171 29.2
   Team midwifery or midwives clinic 93 15.9
   Family Birth Centre 41 7.0
  1. * Australian average annual income for those is currently employed is $42,484 (Australian Bureau of Statistics, Feb 2006, http://www.abs.gov.au); for those not currently employed, Government pensions and allowances provide income support of up to approximately $10–12,000 per year http://www.centrelink.gov.au