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Table 3 Coefficients and 95% confidence intervals for the extent to which women in the intervention VDCs, relative to women in the control VDCs, within different demographic subgroups were more (or less) likely to make a positive change, relative to those in the baseline subgroup, if they were not initially following good practice (%BETTER/%BAD ratio)

From: Behaviour change in perinatal care practices among rural women exposed to a women's group intervention in Nepal [ISRCTN31137309]

  Antenatal care attendance N = 5373 Boiling the blade prior to cord cutting n = 5216 Appropriate dressing of the cord n = 5216 Not discarding colostrum n = 5120
Household:     
Ethnicity:     
   Tamang 1 1 1 1
...Brahmin-Chhetri 1.41 (0.98, 2.04) 0.43 (0.28, 0.68) 1.11 (0.55, 2.22) 1.16 (0.70, 1.89)
   Magar 4.17 (2.27, 7.69) 0.95 (0.54, 1.67) 0.38 (0.12, 1.27) 2.50 (1.01, 6.25)
   Other 1.85 (1.23, 2.86) 0.74 (0.52, 1.06) 8.33 (1.92, 33.33) 1.61 (1.04, 2.50)
No assets listed 1 1 1 1
Clock, radio, iron, bicycle 0.84 (0.65, 1.08) 0.96 (0.75, 1.23) 1.10 (0.65, 1.82) 1.02 (0.76, 1.37)
More costly appliances 0.73 (0.48, 1.11) 1.06 (0.70, 1.59) 1.92 (0.85, 4.35) 0.77 (0.44, 1.33)
Number of months with sufficient food 1.01 (0.97, 1.05) 0.97 (0.93, 1.01) 1.10 (1.01, 1.20) 1.05 (1.00, 1.10)
Mother:     
Age (per additional year) 0.99 (0.97, 1.01) 1.00 (0.98, 1.02) 0.93 (0.91, 0.97) 1.00 (0.99, 1.02)
Illiterate 1 1 1 1
Reads with difficulty 0.59 (0.41, 0.83) 1.08 (0.76, 1.54) 1.09 (0.54, 2.17) 0.67 (0.42, 1.04)
Reads with ease 0.73 (0.50, 1.08) 0.68 (0.46, 1.00) 0.89 (0.44, 1.79) 1.04 (0.64, 1.69)
No formal education 1 1 1 1
Primary schooling only 0.57 (0.40, 0.83) 0.42 (0.29, 0.61) 1.47 (1.08, 2.04) 1.28 (0.81, 2.04)
Secondary or higher 0.25 (0.11, 0.58) 0.53 (0.21, 1.35) 0.92 (0.57, 1.47) 0.50 (0.13, 1.92)
  1. (Results from multilevel multinomial models. The estimates and intervals are adjusted to take account of the correlations between pregnancies within the same women, women from the same household, households from the same VDC and VDCs within the same matched pair. Significant differences are shown in bold.)