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Table 2 Behaviour change over time between pre-trial and trial pregnancies for four perinatal care practices.

From: Behaviour change in perinatal care practices among rural women exposed to a women's group intervention in Nepal [ISRCTN31137309]

   Antenatal care attendance Boiling the blade Appropriate dressing of cord Not discarding colostrum
  Intervention n = 2535 n = 2454 n = 2454 n = 2409
  Control n = 2838 n = 2762 n = 2762 n = 2711
% BETTER Intervention 19.1 21.8 17.9 29.7
  Control 16.6 12.1 16.3 23.2
% GOOD Intervention 36.0 32.5 63.2 41.7
  Control 12.5 12.8 56.7 34.7
% BAD Intervention 36.8 39.2 4.2 17.5
  Control 65.6 68.1 9.3 26.5
% WORSE Intervention 8.2 6.4 14.7 11.2
  Control 5.2 7.0 17.8 15.5
TOTAL (%) Intervention 100 100 100 100
  Control 100 100 100 100
Intervention/control comparisons : Odds ratios (95% confidence interval)      
%BETTER/%BAD ratio *   2.04 (1.82, 2.27) 3.13 (2.78, 3.45) 2.44 (1.92, 3.13) 1.92 (1.69, 2.22)
%BETTER/%WORSE ratio*   0.73 (0.59, 0.91) 1.96 (1.59, 2.44) 1.33 (1.15, 1.54) 1.79 (1.52, 2.08)
%BETTER/%GOOD ratio*   0.40 (0.35, 0.46) 0.71 (0.61, 0.81) 0.99 (0.88, 1.10) 1.06 (0.95, 1.19)
  1. *Results from multilevel multinomial models. The estimates and intervals are adjusted to take account of the correlations between pregnancies within the same women, women from the same household, households from the same VDC and VDCs within the same matched pair. All odds ratios are significantly different to 1. Coefficients greater than 1 indicate that the women in the intervention clusters had a more favourable distribution, those less than 1 are associated with a less favourable response for the women in the intervention compared with control clusters.