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Table 3 Observed and expected cause specific maternal mortality ratios

From: Modeling maternal mortality in Bangladesh: the role of misoprostol in postpartum hemorrhage prevention

Cause of death Number of maternal deaths Deaths/100,000 live births p-value
Project estimated MMR Expected MMR (based on BMMS)1 Difference
PPH and bleeding related2 54 71.9 60.2 11.73 0.309
Antepartum hemorrhage (APH) 5 6.7 N/A N/A N/A
Eclampsia 27 36.0 38.6 -2.63 0.763
Obstructed labor 2 2.7 12.5 -9.84 0.012
Ruptured uterus 2 2.7 N/A N/A N/A
Other direct causes 20 26.6 11.4 15.2 0.014
Indirect causes 7 9.3 68.2 -58.9 <0.001
Total 117 156 194 -38 0.042
  1. 1Also had category “undetermined”, MMR=2.3.
  2. 2Hemorrhage (PPH and APH) for BMMS data.