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Table 2 Attributed cause of death, timing of death, use of misoprostol, place of delivery, and provider at delivery from verbal autopsy data from operations research in Bangladesh assessing the feasibility and acceptability of community-based use of misoprostol and a postpartum hemorrhage blood loss measurement tool (N=117)

From: Modeling maternal mortality in Bangladesh: the role of misoprostol in postpartum hemorrhage prevention

Cause of death Number of maternal deaths % distribution by cause Timing of death1 Took misoprostol Place of delivery2 Attendant at delivery
Before delivery During delivery After delivery Home Facility Skilled attendant3 Unskilled attendant4
Direct obstetric causes 110 94.0 24 17 67 27 44 34 37 67
  PPH and bleeding related 54 46.2 4 7 42 17 34 15 19 31
  Antepartum hemorrhage (APH) 5 4.3 1 3 1 1 0 2 1 4
  Eclampsia 27 23.1 11 3 13 3 4 12 11 14
  Obstructed labor 2 1.7 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2
  Ruptured uterus 2 1.7 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 2
  Other direct causes 20 17.1 7 2 10 5 5 5 6 14
Indirect causes 7 6.0 3 0 4 0 3 1 1 6
Total 117 100.0 27 17 71 27 47 35 38 73
  1. 1Two women are missing information on timing of death, one who died of PPH and onewho died of other direct causes.
  2. 2Options were: home, upazilla health complex, upazilla health and family welfare center, private hospital/clinic, government hospital, maternal and child welfare center, in between hospital and home, other, and not applicable. “Facility” is all categories except home, between hospital and home, other, and not applicable.
  3. 3Skilled attendant is doctor or nurse/midwife.
  4. 4Unskilled includes RDRS TBA, untrained TBA, relative, village doctor, self, and other.