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Table 6 Adjusted odds ratios of factors associated with obstetric complications or near misses, by type of complication

From: Risk factors for reported obstetric complications and near misses in rural northwest Bangladesh: analysis from a prospective cohort study

  Reported obstetric complications or near misses
Independent variables Eclampsia Hemorrhage Sepsis Obstructed labor
  (n = 324) (n = 4,945) (n = 3,120) (n = 2,847)
  Odds ratio Odds ratio Odds ratio Odds ratio
Biological factors     
Age 18–35 years (ref)     
Age <18 years 1.35*** 1.20*** 1.18*** 1.27***
Age >35 years 1.34*** 1.27*** 1.19* 1.21***
Parity 1–2 (ref)     
Nulliparity 1.13** 1.10** 1.14** 1.30***
Parity >2 1.12 1.09 1.05 1.10
No previous stillbirth or miscarriage (ref)     
Adverse obstetric history 1.18*** 1.06** 1.12** 1.14***
MUAC ≥ 21.5 cm (ref)     
MUAC < 21.5 cm 1.04 1.12* 1.16* 1.05
Socioeconomic factors     
Wealth index – Lowest quartile (ref)     
Wealth index - 2nd quartile 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.00
Wealth index - 3rd quartile 1.01 1.02 1.00 1.00
Wealth index - Highest quartile 1.00 1.03 1.05 1.02
Maternal illiteracy (ref)     
Maternal literacy 1.01 1.01 1.04 1.03
Psychosocial factors     
Both partners wanted pregnancy (ref)     
Only one partner wanted pregnancy 1.02 1.06 1.08 1.07
Neither partner wanted pregnancy 1.02 1.40*** 1.37*** 1.28***
  1. *p-value <0.05.
  2. **p-value <0.01.
  3. ***p-value <0.001.