Skip to main content

Table 4 Unadjusted relative risk ratios of factors associated with obstetric complications among 41,660 rural Bangladeshi women

From: Risk factors for reported obstetric complications and near misses in rural northwest Bangladesh: analysis from a prospective cohort study

  Obstetric complications (n = 10,217) Near misses (n = 993)
Independent variables Relative risk ratio (RRR) 95% confidence interval Relative risk ratio (RRR) 95% confidence interval
Biological factors     
Age 18–35 years (ref)     
Age < 18 years 1.28*** (1.11, 1.47) 1.21 (0.97, 1.47)
Age >35 years 1.24*** (1.10, 1.39) 1.25 (0.98, 1.53)
Parity 1–2 (ref)     
Nulliparity 1.36*** (1.15, 1.58) 1.29*** (1.11, 1.46)
Parity > 2 1.13 (0.99, 1.27) 1.16 (0.98, 1.31)
No previous stillbirth or miscarriage (ref)    
Adverse obstetric history 1.17*** (1.05, 1.30) 1.15 (0.97, 1.32)
MUAC ≥ 21.5 cm (ref)     
MUAC < 21.5 cm 1.14* (1.02, 1.26) 1.04 (0.91, 1.17)
Socioeconomic factors     
Wealth index – Lowest quartile (ref)     
Wealth index - 2nd quartile 1.00 (0.87, 1.13) 0.99 (0.89, 1.10)
Wealth index - 3rd quartile 1.03 (0.90, 1.16) 0.99 (0.90, 1.09)
Wealth index - Highest quartile 0.99 (0.89, 1.10) 1.02 (0.89, 1.14)
Maternal illiteracy (ref)     
Maternal literacy 1.08* (1.01, 1.14) 0.99 (0.81, 1.17)
Psychosocial factors     
Both partners wanted pregnancy (ref)     
Only one partner wanted pregnancy 1.12** (1.05, 1.20) 1.05 (0.88, 1.23)
Neither partner wanted pregnancy 1.41*** (1.30, 1.52) 1.07 (0.89, 1.23)
  1. *p-value <0.05.
  2. **p-value <0.01.
  3. ***p-value <0.001.
  4. Table 4 shows unadjusted bivariate associations from multinomial logistic regression of socioeconomic, biological, and psychosocial factors with reported obstetric complications and near misses (compared to 30,450 non-complicated pregnancies) among 41,660 married women of reproductive age with data on all independent variables in rural northwest Bangladesh from December 2007 to June 2011.