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Table 3 Classification of countries according to gross national income per capita, (at US dollars) in 2012

From: Indirect cost of maternal deaths in the WHO African Region in 2010

Group GNI per capita (US$) Countries
Group 1: High-income & upper middle income > = $4,086 Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Mauritius, Namibia, Seychelles*, South Africa (9)
Group 2: Lower middle income $1,036-4,085 Cameroon, Cape Verde, Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Lesotho, Mauritania, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Swaziland, Zambia (12)
Group 3: Low-income $1,036 or less Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, DRC, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Sudan*, Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zimbabwe (26)
  1. Source: The World Bank [21]. Note: *Missing maternal mortality data, and thus, not included in the analysis.