Skip to main content

Table 4 Comparison of women with normal and abnormal glucose tolerance at the follow-up study visit among those affected by gestational diabetes

From: Long-term changes in glucose metabolism after gestational diabetes: a double cohort study

  NGT (n = 228) AGT (n = 246)  
  Mean SD Mean SD P
Age at delivery (years) 31.3 5.9 32.6 5.9 0.016
Number of deliveries 1.1 1.4 1.2 1.2 0.550
Age at follow-up study (years) 36.3 7.0 38.6 7.0 <0.001
Follow-up time (years) 5.2 4.0 6.3 4.5 0.008
Waist (cm) 87.0 12.3 94.0 12.6 <0.001
BMI in the first trimester (kg/m2) 25.6 4.6 26.9 4.6 0.001
BMI in the end of pregnancy (kg/m2) 30.1 4.4 31.2 4.5 0.013
Weight increment during pregnancy (kg) 12.3 6.2 12.2 5.9 0.993
BMI at follow-up study (kg/m2) 26.6 4.9 29.5 5.2 <0.001
Change in weight during follow-up time (kg) 1.6 7.3 5.5 8.1 0.002
Change in BMI during follow-up time (kg/m2) 1.1 2.7 2.6 3.0 <0.001
Current smoker (%) 21.8   15.6   0.090
Physical activity (%) 82.7   83.5   0.816
Family history of diabetes 79.9   81.5   0.669
HbA1c [mmol/mol (%)] 35 (5.3) 3 37 (5.5) 4 <0.001
Matsuda ISI (mg/dl, mU/l) 6.8 3.3 4.6 2.8 <0.001
Disposition Index 201.8 61.1 133.0 48.9 <0.001
  1. NGT, normal glucose tolerance; AGT, abnormal glucose tolerance (includes both prediabetes and type 2 diabetes). Subjects diagnosed with type 2 diabetes between the index pregnancy and the follow-up visit were excluded. P-values < 0.05 are indicated in bold font.