Skip to main content

Table 2 Binary logistic regression analyses: models I&II (bivariate analyses) and model III (multivariate analyses)

From: Determinants of unintended pregnancies in rural Ghana

  Model I Model II Model III
Variables OR (95% CI) Unadjusted P-value Bonferroni adjusted P-value Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) P-value
Age (Ref: 15–19)     NA NA
20-24 0.83 (0.77-0.89) <0.001 <0.001   
25-29
30-34
35-39
40+
Educ status (Ref: none)     NA NA
Primary 0.98 (0.92-1.03) 0.45 NA   
Middle/JSS
SSS/SHS/Vocational
Tertiary
Ethnicity (Ref: fante)     NA NA
Others 1.00 (0.98-1.02) 0.89 NA   
Religion (Ref: christian)     NA NA
Muslim 1.04 (0.99-1.09) 0.15 NA   
Traditionalist
Others
Parity (Ref: 0)      
1 − 2 1.20 (1.12-1.29) <0.001   1.48 (1.14-1.93) 0.004
3 − 4   2.64 (1.88-3.71) <0.001
5+ <0.001 6.06 (3.24-11.38) <0.001
Marital status (Ref: by ordinance)      
Traditional rites 1.41 (1.30-1.52) <0.001 <0.001 1.81 (1.33-2.45) <0.001
Engaged, yet to be married 1.58 (1.10-2.28) 0.014
Cohabitation 2.91 (1.96-4.31) <0.001
Single 7.32 (4.21-12.75) <0.001
Partner age (Ref: 15–19)     NA NA
20-29 0.97 (0.95-0.98) <0.001 <0.001   
30-39
40+
Partner religion (Ref: christian)     NA NA
Muslim 1.25 (1.06-1.47) 0.009 0.135   
Traditionalist
Others
Partner has Chn. from other women (Ref: yes)     NA NA
No 1.33 (1.08-1.64) 0.008 0.120   
Years of marriage/relationship (Ref: <1Yr.)     NA NA
1-4 yrs 1.02 (1.00-1.05) 0.019 0.285   
Partner lives in same house as woman (Ref: yes)      
No 2.15 (1.70-2.72) <0.001 <0.001 1.72 (1.28-2.30) <0.001
Partner has other spouses (Ref: yes)     NA NA
No 1.47 (1.06-2.23) 0.019 0.285   
Gravidity (Ref: 1–2)     NA NA
3 − 4 1.08 (1.12-1.14) 0.004 0.060   
5+
Previous abortions/miscarriages (Ref: yes)     NA NA
No 1.00 (1.00-1.0045) 0.043 0.645   
first pregnancy
Awareness of modern FP (Ref: no)      
Yes 0.40 (0.25-0.62) <0.001 <0.001 0.70 (0.42-1.17) 0.173
Awareness of traditional FP (Ref: no)      
Yes 0.50 (0.40-0.64) <0.001 <0.001 0.66 (0.49-0.89) 0.007
Ever use of modern FP (Ref: no)     NA NA
Yes 0.78 (0.64-0.95) 0.014 0.210   
Ever use of traditional FP (Ref: no)      
Yes 0.68 (0.55-0.82) <0.001 <0.001 0.95 (0.75-1.21) 0.672