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Table 1 Characteristics of maternal near-misses and deaths at a university hospital and a regional hospital in Tanzania between February and June 2012

From: Maternal near-miss and death and their association with caesarean section complications: a cross-sectional study at a university hospital and a regional hospital in Tanzania

Characteristic University hospital Regional hospital Total
(n = 374) (n = 170) (n = 544)
Maternal age (years)    
Mean (SD) 27 (7) 25 (6) 26 (7)
Range 14–48 15–41 14–48
Missing 1 (0.3%) 3 (1.8%) 4 (0.7%)
Parity    
0 145 (39%) 88 (52%) 233 (43%)
1–4 202 (54%) 69 (41%) 271 (50%)
> 4 18 (4.8%) 3 (1.8%) 21 (3.9%)
Missing 9 (2.4%) 10 (5.9%) 19 (3.5%)
Area of residence    
Urban 175 (47%) 7 (4.1%) 182 (34%)
Semi-urban 101 (27%) 121 (71%) 222 (41%)
Rural 80 (21%) 35 (21%) 115 (21%)
Missing 18 (4.8%) 7 (4.1%) 25 (4.6%)
Education    
None 33 (8.8%) 13 (6.4%) 46 (8.5%)
Primary 205 (55%) 76 (45%) 281 (52%)
Secondary or higher 71 (19%) 17 (10%) 88 (16%)
Missing 65 (17%) 64 (38%) 129 (24%)
Marital status    
Cohabiting with partner 305 (82%) 107 (63%) 412 (76%)
Not cohabiting with partnera 19 (5.1%) 7 (4.1%) 26 (4.8%)
Missing 50 (13%) 56 (33%) 106 (20%)
Previous caesarean section    
Yes 52 (14%) 6 (3.5%) 58 (11%)
No 322 (86%) 164 (96%) 486 (89%)
HIV status    
Positive 35 (9.4%) 11 (6.5%) 46 (8.9%)
Negative 269 (72%) 87 (51%) 356 (65%)
Missing 70 (19%) 72 (42%) 142 (26%)
Termination of pregnancy    
Abortion < 28 weeks gestationb 33 (8.8%) 14 (8.2%) 47 (8.6%)
Laparatomy for ectopic pregnancy 18 (4.8%) 15 (8.8%) 33 (6.1%)
Vaginal deliveryc 132 (35%) 82 (48%) 214 (39%)
Caesarean section 168 (45%) 21 (12%) 189 (35%)
Died pregnant 8 (2.1%) 13 (7.6%) 21 (3.9%)
Discharged pregnant 4 (1.1%) 2 (1.2%) 6 (1.1%)
Missing 11 (2.9%) 23 (14%) 34 (6.3%)
  1. aSingle, widowed, or divorced.
  2. bIncludes complete spontaneous abortion, incomplete spontaneous abortion terminated with curettage, and unsafe abortion.
  3. cPregnancies with ≥ 28 weeks gestation.