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Table 6 Diagnoses by prevalent and incident use of psychotropics, antidepressants and anxiolytics

From: Patterns of psychotropic medicine use in pregnancy in the United States from 2006 to 2011 among women with private insurance

  Prevalent use during pregnancy Conservative prevalent use* Incident use in pregnancy Conservative Incident use*
Psychotropic users N = 20481 N = 15689 N = 14822 N = 10798
Bipolar disorder 1294 (6.3) 1105 (7.0) 342 (2.3) 278 (2.6)
MDD 6724 (32.8) 5680 (36.2) 2084 (14.1) 1730 (16.0)
Anxiety 6450 (31.5) 5266 (33.6) 2153 (14.5) 1651 (15.3)
Sleep disorder 1360 (6.6) 1076 (6.9) 439 (3.0) 319 (3.0)
ADHD 1208 (5.9) 877 (5.6) 139 (1.0) 86 (0.8)
Adj/acute 2098 (10.2) 1652 (10.5) 1078 (7.3) 800 (7.4)
Any relevant diagnosis 12921 (63.1) 10400 (66.3) 4640 (31.3) 3567 (33.0)
Antidepressant users N = 15253 N = 11588 N = 7022 N = 5353
Bipolar disorder 895 (5.9) 721 (6.2) 329 (4.7) 250 (4.7)
MDD 5858 (38.4) 4789 (41.3) 2010 (28.6) 1629 (30.4)
Anxiety 5176 (33.9) 4118 (35.5) 1822 (26.0) 1372 (25.6)
Sleep disorder 844 (5.5) 637 (5.5) 286 (4.1) 210 (3.9)
ADHD 402 (2.6) 315 (2.7) 144 (2.1) 104 (1.9)
Adj/acute 1623 (10.6) 1241 (10.7) 712 (10.1) 532 (9.9)
Any relevant diagnosis 9967 (65.3) 7896 (68.1) 3688 (52.5) 2821 (52.7)
Anxiolytic users N = 4574 N = 2993 N = 9961 N = 7099
Bipolar disorder 325 (7.1) 240 (8.0) 255 (2.6) 181 (2.6)
MDD 1181 (25.8) 826 (27.6) 1227 (12.3) 886 (12.5)
Anxiety 1609 (35.2) 1075 (35.9) 1571 (15.8) 1016 (14.3)
Sleep disorder 596 (13.0) 407 (13.6) 437 (4.4) 294 (4.1)
ADHD 166 (3.6) 119 (4.0) 126 (1.3) 102 (1.4)
Adj/acute 506 (11.1) 332 (11.1) 755 (7.6) 524 (7.4)
Any relevant diagnosis 2753 (60.2) 1858 (62.1) 3033 (30.5) 2080 (29.3)
  1. *Removes women who filled 1 prescription in the first trimester.
  2. A diagnosis of adjustment reaction and/or acute stress.