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Table 5 Diagnosed maternal conditions in the year prior to or during pregnancy, stratified by exposure to psychotropic medicines

From: Patterns of psychotropic medicine use in pregnancy in the United States from 2006 to 2011 among women with private insurance

Diagnoses, n (%) Any psychotropic N = 35303 Antidepressant N = 22275 Anxiolytic N = 14535 Stimulants for ADHD N = 2062 Antipsychotic N = 2373 No psycho-tropic use N = 307996 More than one N = 5423
Bipolar disorder 1637 (4.6) 1225 (5.5) 581 (4.0) 499 (24.2) 98 (4.1) 1747 (0.6) 634 (11.7)
Major depressive disorder 8814 (25.0) 7874 (35.3) 2414 (16.6) 488 (23.7) 218 (9.2) 11861 (3.9) 2036 (37.5)
Anxiety 8611 (24.4) 7006 (31.5) 3188 (21.9) 487 (23.6) 213 (9.0) 14102 (4.6) 2127 (39.2)
Adj/Acute stress 3176 (9.0) 2335 (10.5) 1261 (8.7) 179 (8.7) 211 (8.9) 8041 (2.6) 725 (13.4)
Schizophrenia 48 (0.1) 28 (0.1) 11 (0.1) 35 (1.7) 1 (0.04) 34 (0.01) 22 (0.4)
Personality disorder 143 (0.4) 116 (0.5) 40 (0.3) 27 (1.3) 3 (0.1) 141 (0.05) 38 (0.7)
Sleep disorder 1799 (5.1) 1130 (5.1) 1033 (7.1) 75 (3.6) 34 (1.4) 3255 (1.1) 472 (8.7)
ADHD 1347 (3.8) 546 (2.5) 292 (2.0) 1023 (49.6) 73 (3.1) 1119 (0.4) 469 (8.6)
At least one relevant diagnosis 17561 (49.7) 13655 (61.3) 5786 (39.8) 1490 (72.3) 1086 (45.8) 25707 (8.3) 4007 (73.9)
  1. A diagnosis of adjustment reaction and/or acute stress.