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Table 2 Most common psychotropic exposures (not exhaustive of all drug exposures—only medicines that were used by ≥ 0.1% of the study population)

From: Patterns of psychotropic medicine use in pregnancy in the United States from 2006 to 2011 among women with private insurance

Drug class Number exposed during pregnancy Conservative number exposed during pregnancy* Number who filled more than 1 Rx during pregnancy
SSRI 17414 (5.1) 13379 (3.9) 11142 (3.3)
 Sertraline 8432 (2.5) 6936 (2.0) 5360 (1.6)
 Fluoxetine 3605 (1.1) 2694 (0.8) 2300 (0.7)
 Escitalopram 3481 (1.0) 2310 (0.7) 1951 (0.6)
 Citalopram 2295 (0.7) 2310 (0.7) 1246 (0.4)
Benzodiazepines (and benzo like) 13486 (3.9) 9399 (2.7) 4304 (1.3)
 Zolpidem 8239 (2.4) 7238 (2.1) 2676 (0.8)
 Alprazolam 2654 (0.8) 1288 (0.4) 893 (0.3)
 Diazepam 1884 (0.6) 384 (0.1) 178 (0.05)
 Lorazepam 1233 (0.4) 634 (0.2) 302 (0.1)
Other antidepressants 4019 (1.2) 2658 (0.8) 2164 (0.6)
 Bupropion 3399 (1.0) 2351 (0.7) 1925 (0.6)
 Trazodone 602 (0.2) 270 (0.1) 189 (0.1)
SNRIs 2382 (0.7) 1474 (0.4) 1377 (0.4)
 Venlafaxine 1398 (0.4) 936 (0.3) 875 (0.3)
 Duloxetine 795 (0.2) 449 (0.1) 416 (0.1)
 Desvenlafaxine 210 (0.1) 100 (0.03) 96 (0.03)
Typical antipsychotics 1573 (0.5) 712 (0.2) 274 (0.1)
 Prochlorperazine 1527 (0.4) 682 (0.2) 250 (0.1)
Other anxiolytics 1375 (0.4) 820 (0.2) 375 (0.1)
 Buspirone 745 (0.2) 520 (0.2) 288 (0.1)
 Scopolamine 535 (0.2) 248 (0.1) 56 (0.02)
Amphetamine 1291 (0.4) 657 (0.2) 633 (0.2)
Cyclic antidepressants 784 (0.2) 385 (0.1) 272 (0.1)
 Amitriptyline 490 (0.1) 239 (0.1) 162 (0.05)
 Nortriptyline 173 (0.1) 75 (0.02) 56 (0.02)
Atypical antipsychotics 742 (0.2) 465 (0.1) 397 (0.1)
 Quetiapine 363 (0.1) 228 (0.1) 191 (0.06)
  1. *Removes women who only filled one prescription in the first trimester.