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Table 1 Subject characteristics according to reproductive history

From: A longitudinal study of women’s memories of their childbirth experiences at five years postpartum

  Primiparous (N = 258) Multiparous (N = 326)
  n (%) n (%)
Sociodemographic data at the time of childbirth
Age (yr)
  < 25 19 (7.4) 4 (1.2)
  25–35 200 (77.5) 246 (75.5)
  > 35 39 (15.1) 76 (23.3)
Marital status
  Married 255 (98.8) 324 (99.4)
  Single 3 (1.2) 2 (0.6)
Place of birth
  Maternity home 72 (27.9) 158 (48.5)
  Hospital 186 (72.1) 168 (51.5)
Education
  Junior high or high school 65 (25.2) 96 (29.4)
  Junior college or vocational school 123 (47.7) 138 (43.3)
  College or university and above 70 (27.2) 92 (28.2)
House income per year (JPY)
  ≤ 3 million 13 (5.5) 24 (7.9)
  3–5 million 63 (26.4) 80 (26.3)
  5–10 million 144 (60.5) 164 (53.8)
  ≥ 10 million 18 (7.6) 37 (12.1)
Return to work after childbirth
  Yes 116 (45.5) 182 (56.2)
  No 139 (54.5) 142 (43.8)
Labor and birth data
Mode of delivery
  Normal vaginal 196 (76.0) 289 (88.7)
  Instrumental vaginal 24 (9.3) 8 (2.4)
  Elective cesarean 18 (7.0) 22 (6.7)
  Emergency cesarean 20 (7.8) 7 (2.1)
Referral
  None 255 (98.8) 325 (99.7)
  During labor 2 (0.8) 0 (0.0)
  After childbirth 1 (0.4) 1 (0.3)
Birth control
  Yes 150 (58.1) 165 (50.6)
  No 108 (41.9) 161 (49.4)
Subsequent childbirth
  Yes 133 (52.2) 72 (22.3)
  No 122 (47.8) 251 (77.7)