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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of live births in California, 1989–2007

From: Economic downturns and male cesarean deliveries: a time-series test of the economic stress hypothesis

  N %
Cesarean Delivery 2,575,801 24.40
Singleton 10,280,994 97.40
Male infant 5,400,155 51.16
Preterm (<37 completed weeks) 958,280 9.08
Maternal Age   
  < 18 years 424,614 4.02
  18-25 years 3,820,752 36.20
  26-34 years 4,781,611 45.31
  ≥ 35 years 1,526,339 14.46
Maternal Race/Ethnicity   
  Non-hispanic white 3,616,819 34.27
  Non-hispanic black 705,735 6.69
  Hispanic 4,958,368 46.98
  Asian/Pacific Islander 1,147,139 10.87
  Other 126,923 1.20
  1. Note: column totals may not sum to 100% due to rounding.