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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population, by reproductive desire

From: Reproductive desire in women with HIV infection in Spain, associated factors and motivations: a mixed-method study

   Reproductive desire  
  Total Yes No p
  n (%) n (%) n (%)  
Women 134 (100) 66 (49) 68 (51)  
Sociodemographic variables     
Age, years     
 <30 28 (20.9) 23 (34.8) 5 (7.4) <0.001
 30-39 61 (45.5) 32 (48.5) 29 (42.6)
 40-45 45 (33.6) 11 (16.7) 34 (50.0)
 Median (IQR) 36 (31–34) 32 (28–37) 39.5(35–42.5) <0.001
Country of origin     
 Spain 72 (53.7) 27 (40.9) 45 (66.2) 0.003
 Others 62 (46.3) 39 (59.1) 23 (33.8)
Region of origin (if not Spanish)     
 Europe 20 (32.3) 11 (28.2) 9 (39.1) 0.091
 Latin America 27 (43.6) 15 (38.5) 12 (52.2)
 Africa 15 (24.1) 13 (33.3) 2 (8.7)
Length of stay in Spain, years     
 Median (IQR) 8 (6–11) 7.5 (5–10) 11 (8–15) 0.021
Educational level     
 Low 15 (11.2) 8 (12.1) 7 (10.3) 0.862
 Medium 103 (76.9) 51 (77.3) 52 (76.5)
 High 16 (11.9) 7(10.6) 9 (13.2)
Current occupational status     
 Employed 67 (50.0) 33 (50.0) 34 (50.0) 0.614
 Unemployed 47 (35.1) 25 (37.9) 22 (32.3)
 Others (Student, Homemaker, Pensioner) 20 (14.9) 7 (12.1) 12(17.7)
Current partner and cohabitation status     
 With a partner and living together 69 (51.5) 30 (45.4) 39 (57.4) 0.297
 With a partner but not living together 21 (15.7) 13 (19.7) 8 (11.8)
 Without a partner 44 (32.8) 23 (34.8) 21 (30.9)
Reproductive variables     
Total pregnancies     
 None 18 (13.4) 10 (15.2) 8 (11.8) 0.883
 1-2 74 (55.2) 37 (56.1) 37 (54.5)
 3-4 30 (22.4) 14 (21.2) 16 (23.5)
 > = 5 12 (9.0) 5 (7.6) 7 (10.5)
Number of children     
 None 43 (32.1) 30 (45.4) 13 (19.1) 0.002
 1-2 80 (59.7) 34 (51.5) 46 (67.7)
 > = 3 11 (8.2) 2 (3.1) 9 (13.2)
Number of abortions and miscarriages     
 None 60 (44.8) 21 (31.8) 39 (57.4) 0.010
 1-2 64 (47.8) 38 (57.6) 26 (38.2)
 > = 3 10 (7.5 7 (10.6) 3 (4.4)
Clinical variables     
Age at diagnosis, years     
 <30 69 (51.5) 47 (71.2) 22 (32.5) <0.001
 30-39 50 (37.3) 15 (22.7) 35 (51.5)
 40-45 15 (11.2) 4 (6.1) 11 (16.2)
Route of HIV transmission     
 Injecting drug users (UDI) 17 (12.7) 5 (7.6) 12 (17.6) 0.182
 Heterosexuals 112 (83.6) 59 (89.4) 53 (77.9)
 Others 5 (3.7) 2 (3.0) 3 (4.4)
Current antiretroviral treatment     
 Yes 114 (85.1) 52 (78.8) 62 (91.2) 0.044
 No 20 (14.9) 14 (21.2) 6 (8.8)
Time since HIV diagnosis, years     
 <3 35 (26.1) 20 (30.3) 15 (22.1) 0.422
 3-6 52 (38.8) 26 (39.4) 26 (38.2)
 >6 47 (35.1) 20 (30.3) 27 (39.7)
HCV coinfection     
 Yes 20 (14.9) 5 (7.6) 15 (22.1) 0.019
 No 114(85.1) 61 (92.4) 53 (77.9)
AIDS stage     
 Yes 9 (6.7) 6 (9.1) 3 (4.4) 0.279
 No 125 (93.3) 60 (90.9) 65 (95.6)