Skip to main content

Table 2 Correlations between posttraumatic stress symptoms following childbirth and all putative risk factors

From: The influence of women’s preferences and actual mode of delivery on post-traumatic stress symptoms following childbirth: a population-based, longitudinal study

  1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.
1. PTSD symptoms (8 weeks postpartum) 1              
2. Prior PTSD (pregnancy week 17) 0.19*** 1             
3. Prior Sexual Abusea (8 weeks postpartum) 0.13*** 0.24*** 1            
4. Fear of childbirth (pregnancy week 32) 0.28*** 0.11*** 0.08** 1           
5. Depression (pregnancy week 32) 0.35*** 0.28*** 0.18*** 0.40*** 1          
6. Anxiety (pregnancy week 32) 0.33*** 0.33*** 0.16** 0.31*** 0.68*** 1         
7. Neuroticism (pregnancy week 17) 0.23*** 0.22*** 0.12*** 0.29*** 0.48*** 0.41*** 1        
8. Conscientiousness (pregnancy week 17) −0.11*** −0.09*** −0.07** −0.16*** −0.15*** −0.15*** −0.13*** 1       
9. Extraversion (pregnancy week 17) −0.02 −0.03 −0.03 −0.14*** −0.11*** −0.12*** −0.12*** 0.16*** 1      
10. Agreeableness (pregnancy week 17) 0.00 0.03 0.03 −0.12*** −0.01 0.01 −0.05 0.21*** 0.31*** 1     
11. Imagination (pregnancy week 17) 0.01 0.02 0.05* −0.04 0.03 0.04 0.00 0.02 0.25*** 0.28*** 1    
12. Medical risk (perinatally) 0.04 0.09*** 0.09*** 0.02 0.04 0.06* 0.02 −0.03 −0.01 0.01 0.00 1   
13. Parity (pregnancy week 17) −0.15*** −0.04 −0.05 −0.14*** 0.03 −0.01 −0.02 0.03 −0.04 −0.04 0.00 0.08** 1  
14. Age (perinatally) −0.12*** −0.13*** −0.02 0.00 −0.07** −0.15*** −0.11*** 0.11*** −0.01 −0.02 0.08** 0.06** 0.40*** 1
15. Education (perinatally) −0.08** −0.11*** −0.09*** −0.01 −0.09*** −0.13*** −0.13*** 0.03 0.05* 0.06* 0.13*** −0.05 −0.01 0.26***
  1. *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001.
  2. aPrior sexual abuse, medical risk, parity and education are dichotomous variables.