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Table 1 Subject demographic and clinical characteristics and neonatal outcomes

From: A comparison of maternal and neonatal outcomes between water immersion during labor and conventional labor and delivery

Variables Water Immersion (n = 38) Conventional Labor (n = 70) p-value
Age, y 28.66 ± 3.08 27.89 ± 2.99 0.207
Height, cm 159.66 ± 4.41 160.24 ± 4.4 0.513
Weight, kg 66.09 ± 7.48 65.17 ± 7.77 0.553
Gestational age, wk 39.73 ± 1.02 39.59 ± 1.00 0.492
Gravidity 1.39 ± 0.64 1.57 ± 0.81 0.247
Delivery method    0.026*
Vaginal 33 (86.8) 47 (67.1)  
Cesarean 5 (13.2) 23 (32.9)  
Transfer to pediatrics unit    0.568
Yes 4 (10.5) 11 (15.7)  
No 34(89.5) 59 (84.3)  
Newborn weight, g 3266.71 ± 317.52 3230.71 ± 356.53 0.604
Newborn Apgar score    
1 minute 10 (9 , 10) 10 (9 , 10) 0.333
5 minute 10 (10 , 10) 10 (10 , 10) 0.231
  1. Continuous data were summarized as mean ± standard deviation (SD) for normally distributed data and median (interquartile range [IQR] for non-normally distributed data; categorical data were summarized as number (percentage).
  2. *p < 0.05, indicates statistically significant difference between groups.