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Table 1 Infants’ characteristics

From: Electromyographic analysis of masseter muscle in newborns during suction in breast, bottle or cup feeding

Variables Feeding method mean (range) P*
  Breastfeeding (n = 27) Bottle-feeding (n = 27) Cup-feeding (n = 27)  
Gestational age 38.7 (37.0-41.5) 38.8 (37.0-41.0) 38.9 (37.0-41.6) 0.773
Birth weight (grams) 3127.2 (2285.0-4499.0) 3089.6 (2300.0-4100.0) 3158.5 (2355.0-4045.0) 0.884
Apgar 8.9 (3.0-10.0) 9.0 (7.0-10.0) 9.4 (7.0-10.0) 0.265
Age at electromiographic exam     
- Chronological (days) 4.9 (2.0-15.0) 5.6 (1.0-28.0) 4.2 (2.0-11.0) 0.539
- Postmenstrual (weeks) 39.4 (37.3-42.2) 39.6 (37.3-41.3) 39.5 (37.3-41.9) 0.503
  1. Association between infants’ characteristics and feeding method.
  2. *ANOVA.