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Table 3 Hemodynamic changes and cardiac remodeling in normal pregnancy and preeclampsia

From: Ultrasound study of carotid and cardiac remodeling and cardiac-arterial coupling in normal pregnancy and preeclampsia: a case control study

Parameters Normal pregnancy Preeclampsia P-values
(n = 40) (n = 23)
Hemodynamic indices    
  HR, bpm 93 ± 15 89 ± 14 0.3100
  CI, L/min/m2 2.99 ± 0.56 3.07 ± 0.72 0.5760
  TPRI, (dynes × s-1 × cm-5)/m2 723.0 ± 123.3 894.1 ± 303.6 0.0023
LV remodeling indices    
  RWT 0.44 ± 0.06 0.46 ± 0.09 0.3475
  LVMI, g/m2 96.3 ± 17.8 110.9 ± 29.0 0.0005
LV geometric pattern    
  Normal 16 (40) 1 (4) <0.0001
  Concentric remodeling 20 (50) 2 (8) <0.0001
  Eccentric hypertrophy 0 (0) 6 (26) <0.0001
  Concentric hypertrophy 4 (10) 14 (62) <0.0001
  1. Notes: Values are given as mean ± SD or no. of subjects (percentage). HR, heart rate; CI, cardiac index; TPRI, total peripheral resistance index; RWT, relative wall thickness; LVMI, left ventricular mass index; LV, left ventricle.