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Table 5 Adolescent parturients subgroup characteristics and pregnancy outcomes

From: Outcome of deliveries among adolescent girls at the Yaoundé central hospital

Variable Adolescent sub-group (years) X 2 Sig. (p-value)
10-14 15-17 18-19
n (%) n (%) n (%)
   14 ( 2.5%) 177 ( 31.6%) 369( 65.9)   
Referral status (referred case) 0 (0.0) 11 (6.2) 25 (6.8) 1.05 0.887
Pregnancy gestation (weeks) Mean ± SD 35.88 ± 3.90 38.21 ± 3.29 38.16 ± 2.10 n.a 0.128
28-36 5 (62.5) 33 (28.9) 72 (28.5) 4.84 0.353
37-41 3 (37.5) 78 (68.4) 171 (67.6)
42 0 (0.0) 3 (2.6) 10 (4.0)
Preterm delivery 5 (62.5) 33 (28.9) 72 (28.5) 4.35 0.135
Post-term delivery 0 (0.0) 3 (3.7) 10 (5.5) 0.55 0.794
Mode of delivery Vaginal 12 (85.7) 144 (81.8) 306 (84.1) 0.49 0.845
Cesarean 2 (14.3) 32 (18.2) 58 (15.9)
Instrumental vaginal delivery 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 7 (2.3) 3.62 0.255
Babys weight at delivery (grams) Mean ± SD 2680.0 ± 637.95 2937.16 ± 655.66 3019.21 ± 641.61 n.a 0.078
<2500 5 (37.5) 29 (16.4) 61 (16.5) 4.02 0.420
2500-3999 9 (64.3) 143 (80.8) 300 (81.3)
4000 0 (0.0) 5 (2.8) 8 (2.2)
Perineum after delivery Intact 6 (60.0) 73 (61.3) 201 (73.4) 6.41 0.110
Episiotomy 2 (20.0) 21 (17.6) 37 (13.5)
Tear 2 (20.0) 25 (21.0) 36 (13.1)
Perineal tear degree 1st degree 2 (100.0) 25 (100.0) 32 (88.9) 3.20 0.244
2nd degree or worse 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 4 (11.1)
Postpartum blood loss (cc) Mean ± SD 457.14 ± 113.39 501.36 ± 52.66 492.06 ± 75.94 n.a 0.194
>500 0 (0.0) 2 (1.8) 4 (1.7) 0.13 1.00
Apgar score at 1st minute Mean ± SD 7.58 ± 2.39 7.05 ± 2.89 7.10 ± 2.72 n.a 0.811
Apgar score at 5th minute Mean ± SD 8.66 ± 3.08 8.35 ± 3.31 8.49 ± 2.93 n.a 0.869
Apparent fetal death a 1 (8.3) 22 (13.2) 40 (12.2) 0.29 0.921
Perinatal fetal death b 1 (8.3) 21 (12.6) 31 (9.4) 1.26 0.500
Maternal mortality Deaths 0 (0.0) 1 (0.6) 1 (0.3) 0.34 0.566
Maternal mortality rate c 0.0 0.6 0.3 0.34 0.566
  Maternal mortality ratio d 0.0 667 313 n.a 0.455
  1. a Apparent death: Apgar 0–3 1st minute after birth b Perinatal death: Apgar 0 after resuscictaion efforts of at least 5 minutes.
  2. cper 100,000 parturients who delivered during the study period.
  3. dper 100,000 live births registered during the study period.
  4. n.a: not applicable.