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Table 3 Psychosocial health: group comparisons

From: Comparing CenteringPregnancy® to standard prenatal care plus prenatal education

Variable CPa
n=106
n (%)
PEa
n=619
n (%)
p-value
Lower social support (<70 on MOS Social Support Scale)    
Baseline (<25 wks) 20 (19.4) 60 (9.7) 0.004
4 months postpartum 16 (17.6) 75 (12.2) 0.154
Improved perception of social support 7 (7.8) 28 (4.6) 0.195
Depressive symptoms (10 or higher on EPDS)    
Baseline (<25 wks) 26 (25.0) 90 (14.6) 0.008
4 months postpartum 16 (17.4) 28 (4.6) 0.250
Improved depressive symptomsc 15 (16.3) 52 (8.5) 0.017
Higher stress (≥18 on PSS)    
Baseline (<25 wks) 33 (31.4) 138 (22.5) 0.049
4 months postpartum 12 (13.2) 96 (15.7) 0.541
Improved stressd 22 (24.2) 84 (13.9) 0.017
Higher anxiety (≥40 on SAI)    
Baseline (<25 wks) 30 (30.3) 91 (15.4) <0.001
4 months postpartum 12 (13.0) 87 (14.2) 0.759
Improved anxietye 19(22.1) 51 (8.7) <0.001
  1. a CP= CenteringPregnancy®; PE=Prenatal Education (plus individual prenatal care)
  2. b Improvement operationalized as moving from category reflecting low social support to high social support
  3. c Improvement operationalized as moving from category reflecting high depression to low depression
  4. d Improvement operationalized as moving from category reflecting high stress to low stress
  5. e Improvement operationalized as moving from category reflecting high anxiety to low anxiety