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Table 2 Comparison of neonatal outcomes

From: A pilot cohort analytic study of Family Integrated Care in a Canadian neonatal intensive care unit

Outcomes FIC infants (n = 31) Matched controls (n = 62) p-value1 Percent change
Zwt21 – Zwt1, mean (SD) 0.61 (0.44) 0.49 (0.41) 0.26 24.5
(Wt21-Wt1)/(Wt1/1000)/21, mean (SD) 21.59 (6.43) 20.32 (6.59) 0.48 6.25
(Wt21-Wt1)/21, mean (SD) 30.82 (9.08) 28.25 (9.09) 0.17 9.1
Nosocomial infection, N (%) 0 (0.0) 6 (9.7) 0.057 -100
Incidents / 1000 person days (95%CI) 0.84 (0, 1.96) 1.15 (0, 3.08) 0.78 -26.96
BPD, N (%) 11 (35.5) 24 (38.7) 0.54 -8.27
ROP3, N (%) 0 (0.0) 8 (14.3) 0.045* -100
IVH grade 3 or 4 or PVL, N (%) 2 (6.7) 5 (8.3) 0.78 -16.87
NEC, N (%) 0 (0.0) 2 (3.2) 0.31 -100
Breast feeds (> 90%), n (%) 23 (74.2) 25 (40.3) 0.002* 45.7
  1. Notes: Weight was measured at study enrolment and 21 days after enrolment; all other outcomes are for the period from enrolment to discharge. 1A conditional logistic regression method accounting for matched case-control data was used. The Mantel-Haeszel test was also applied for categorical data. The results from both methods were consistent. BPD, bronchopulmonary dysplasia; CI, confidence interval; FIC, family integrated care; IVH, intraventricular hemorrhage; NEC, necrotizing enterocolitis; PVL, periventricular leukomalacia; ROP3, retinopathy of prematurity, stage 3; SD, standard deviation; Wt1, weight on enrolment; Wt21, weight 21 days after enrolment; Zwt1, z-score for weight on enrolment; Zwt21, z-score for weight 21 days after enrolment.