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Table 1 Comparison of characteristics for infants in FIC and matched control group

From: A pilot cohort analytic study of Family Integrated Care in a Canadian neonatal intensive care unit

  FIC infants (n = 31) Matched controls (n = 62)  
Characteristics n (%) n (%) p-value1
Gestational age (wk), mean (SD) 27.5 (2.4) 27.7 (2.6) 0.31
Birth weight (g), mean (SD) 1106 (419) 1061 (389) 0.11
Age at enrolment (days), mean (SD) 30.8 (20.7) N/A N/A
Corrected gestational age at enrolment (weeks), mean (SD) 31.9 (2.1) N/A N/A
Small for gestational age 3 (9.7) 9 (14.5) 0.45
Singleton n (%) 22 (71.0) 39 (62.9) 0.47
Apgar score <7 at 5 min 6 (19.4) 7 (11.3) 0.28
Apgar score <7 at 1 min 16 (51.6) 34 (54.8) 0.74
SNAPII score >20 6 (19.4) 13 (21.0) 0.85
Days on oxygen, median (IQ range) 36 (2–61) 19 (4–61) 0.79
Days on CPAP, median (IQ range) 41 (13–55) 41 (25–55) 0.44
Days on ventilation, median (IQ range) 2 (0–6) 5 (1–11) 0.31
Surfactant administration 23 (74.2) 48 (77.4) 0.71
Caffeine administration 29 (93.5) 55 (88.7) 0.34
  1. Notes: Data are for total hospital stay. 1A conditional logistic regression method accounting for matched case-control data was used. The Mantel-Haeszel test was also applied for categorical data. The results from both methods were consistent. CPAP, continuous positive airway pressure; FIC, family integrated care; IQ, interquartile range; N/A, not applicable; SD, standard deviation; SNAPII, score of neonatal acute physiology version II.