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Table 2 Intervention components, coded categories, and maternal and child development outcomes

From: Key components of early intervention programs for preterm infants and their parents: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study Name of program Intervention components Maternal outcomes Child developmental outcomes
   Parent support Parent education categories Child support Short-term < 1 yr Long-term > 1 yr Short-term < 1 yr Long-term > 1 yr
    1 2 3      
Higher quality studies ≥ 3*
IHDP
1990
IHDP + + - - + n.a. - - +
Saylor
1996
CAMS - + + + + - - - -
Avon
1998
APIP + + - - - n.a. n.a. n.a. -
Ohgi
2004
NBAS based - + + - - + n.a. - n.a.
Kaaresen
2006
MITP
Modified
+ - + + - + + + +
Melynk
2006
COPE - + - - - + n.a. n.a. n.a.
Glazebrook
2007
PBIP - + + + - - n.a. - -
Koldewijn
2009
IBAIP - + - + + n.a. n.a. + +
Newnham
2009
Modified MITP + + + + - + + n.a. +
Teti
2009
NBAS based - + + + - + n.a. +
ELBW only
n.a.
Milgrom
2010
Modified MITP + + + + - n.a. n.a. + n.a.
Spittle
2010
VIBeS Plus + + + - - n.a. + + +
Ravn
2011
MITP + + - + - + n.a. n.a. n.a.
Lower quality studies (< 3)*
Kang
1995
NSTEP-P - + + - - + n.a. + n.a.
Melynk (pilot) 2001 COPE - + - - - - n.a. + n.a.
Brisch
2003
n.a + - - + - n.a. n.a. n.a. -
Gianni
2006
n.a + - + - - - n.a. - -
Neu
2010
Kangaroo Care - + - + - + n.a. n.a. n.a.
  1. Note: * Quality determined by Cochrane Collaboration’s Tool ; n.a. = not assessed or not reported; ELBW = extremely low birth weight infant
  2. Coding categories for parent education components: 1 = Information given: Included information that is generic (e.g., written, audiotape or videotape format), individualized to the family (e.g., written or verbal), and/or included discussion with the parent; 2 = Guided observation: included parent observation or demonstration of an activity with the infant; 3 = Active involvement: included parent involvement in active practical experiences, modeling and guided self-evaluation or self-reflection learning (e.g., video feedback).
  3. Names of Intervention Programs: APIP = Avon Premature Infant Project; CAMS = Curriculum and Monitoring System; COPE = Creating Opportunities for Parent Empowerment NICU Program; IBAIP = Infant Behavioral Assessment and Intervention Program; IHDP = Infant Health and Development Program; NBAS = Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale, Brazelton; NSTEP-P = Nursing Systems for Effective Parenting-Preterm; MITP = Maternal Infant Transaction Program; PBIP = Parent Baby Interaction Program; PCIT = Parent Child Interaction Therapy; Premie Start = Modification of MITP; SI- NDT = Sensory Integration and Neurodevelopmental Therapy; SM=State Modulation; VIBeS Plus = Victoria Infant Brain Studies.