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Table 6 Associations between characteristics of pregnant women and their risk behaviour 1 regarding toxoplasmosis, listeriosis or CMV

From: Observational study to assess pregnant women’s knowledge and behaviour to prevent toxoplasmosis, listeriosis and cytomegalovirus

  Toxoplasmosis Listeriosis CMV
Determinants Risk behaviour (%) OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) Risk behaviour (%) OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) N = 541 (%) Risk behaviour (%) OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Age           
17-25 year 51.4 -   28.8 -   6.8 97.3 -  
26-34 year 59.9 1.4 (1.0-2.0)*   46.9 1.4 (1.0-2.0)*   72.1 96.6 0.8 (0.1-6.2)  
35-42 year 62.0 1.6 (1.0-2.4)*   47.8 1.5 (0.9-2.3)   21.1 91.1 0.3 (0.0-2.3)  
Education2           
Low 52.2 - - 41.4 -   10.0 94.2 -  
Medium 52.8 1.0 (0.7-1.6) 1.1 (0.7-1.6) 42.5 1.1 (0.7-1.6)   32.0 94.6 1.1 (0.3-4.2)  
High 63.9 1.6 (1.1-2.4)* 1.7 (1.1-2.6)** 48.9 1.4 (0.9-2.0)   58.0 96.1 1.5 (0.4-5.6)  
Non Dutch nationality 43.8 - - 41.2 -   2.8 93.3 -  
Dutch nationality 59.6 1.9 (0.9-3.9)* 2.1 (1.0-4.3)** 46.2 1.2 (0.6-2.5)   97.2 95.5 1.5 (0.2-12.7)  
Dutch spoken at home 59.1 -   46.2 -   98.7 95.4 -  
Other language than Dutch spoken at home 57.1 0.9 (0.4-2.2)   39.1 0.8 (0.3-1.7)   1.3 100.0 ***  
Not living in a deprived area 59.4 -   45.7 -   98.5 95.6 -  
Living in a deprived area 51.4 1.4 (0.7-2.7)   54.3 1.4 (0.7-2.8)   1.5 87.5 0.3 (0.0-2.7)  
Planned pregnancy 59.3 -   46.5 -   85.3 95.1 -  
Unplanned pregnancy 57.6 0.9 (0.7-1.3)   42.1 0.8 (0.6-1.2)   14.7 97.4 2.0 (0.5-8.9)  
Partner/married 59.2 -   46.0 -   99.3 95.4 -  
Single 50.0 0.7 (0.2-2.2)   50.0 1.2 (0.4-3.7)   0.7 100.0 ***  
1st en 2nd phase of pregnancy 60.5 -   41.4 - - 41.2 97.7 - -
3th phase of pregnancy 58.1 0.9 (0.7-1.2)   49.3 1.4 (1.1-1.8)* 1.4 (1.1 – 1.8)** 58.8 93.9 0.4 (0.1-1.0)* 0.4 (0.1 – 1.0)**
Primigravidae 56.5 -   48.5 -   0.4 100.0 -  
Multigravidae 60.6 1.2 (0.9-1.5)   44.1 0.8 (0.7-1.1)   99.6 95.4 ***  
Did take folic acid in 1st trimester 58.2 - - 45.8 -   94.0 95.1 -  
Did not take folic acid in 1st trimester 76.0 2.3 (1.2-4.4)* 2.7 (1.4-5.3)** 47.2 1.1 (0.6-1.8)   6.0 100.0 ***  
Did not smoke during pregnancy 58.6 -   46.1 -   95.3 95.4 -  
Smoked during pregnancy 65.2 1.3 (0.8-2.2)   43.1 0.9 (0.5-1.5)   4.7 96.0 1.2 (0.2-9.0)  
Never worked as a health care professional 59.3 -   46.5 -   64.1 95.6 -  
Ever worked as a health care professional 58.9 1.0 (0.8-1.3)   45.1 0.9 (0.7-1.2)   35.9 95.2 0.9 (0.4-2.2)  
Never worked as a child day care worker 57.8 - - 47.1 -   90.0 95.6 -  
Ever worked as a child day care worker 67.9 1.5 (1.0-2.3)* 1.6 (1.1-2.3)** 28.2 0.7 (0.5-1.0)*   10.0 94.1 0.7 (0.2-2.6)  
  1. 1Risk behaviour is present if a respondent reported at least one of the behaviours which could increase the risk for toxoplasmosis, listeriosis or CMV infections.
  2. 2Low level of education: medium- level secondary education or below; medium level of education: higher level secondary education or vocational education; high level of education: diploma level or university education).
  3. OR: Odds Ratio’s; CI: Confidence Interval.
  4. *p-value < 0.10 univariate regression, **p-value <0.05 multivariate regression, ***this variable was excluded from the logistic regression analysis due to small numbers.