Skip to main content

Table 1 Clinical characteristics of 84 women

From: Need for insulin to control gestational diabetes is reflected in the ambulatory arterial stiffness index

Variable Controls (N = 32) Diet GDM (N = 42) Ins. GDM (N = 10)
  (mean ± SD)   
Age (years) 31.2 ± 4.7 30.5 ± 5.6 32.8 ± 7.6
Height (cm) 166.4 ± 6.8 165.3 ± 5.7 165.4 ± 4.5
Weight before pregnancy (kg) 63.4 ± 7.8† 76.2 ± 16.2* 84.4 ± 21.3*
Weight at birth (kg) 77.1 ± 9.2† 86.8 ± 12.7* 96.9 ± 16.5*
Weight gain (kg) 12.8 ± 3.2 12.9 ± 5.5 11.5 ± 6.3
Weight 3 months after delivery (kg) 63.9 ± 8.3† 78.0 ± 14.8* 81.5 ± 8.3*
Body mass index before pregnancy 22.9 ± 2.9† 27.9 ± 5.5* 30.9 ± 8.3*
Body mass index 3 months after delivery 22.3 ± 2.9† 28.9 ± 5.4* 29.3 ± 2.7*
Gestational age at 1. visit (weeks) 34.1 ± 3.3 33.5 ± 3.1 34.0 ± 2.6
Gestational age at birth (weeks) 39.9 ± 0.92 40.0 ± 1.5 39.1 ± 1.5
Birth weight (grams) 3597 ± 508 3793 ± 480 3744 ± 537
Apgar 1 min 8.78 ± 0.98 8.38 ± 1.82 8.20 ± 1.23
Apgar 5 min 9.00 ± 0.62 8.95 ± 0.67 8.70 ± 0.95
  1. *= significant difference when compared to the control group, †=significant difference when compared to the GDM groups. Significant difference = p <0.05. Comparisons performed using One-Way Anova.