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Table 3 Health service use by age group and mode of conception (% unless otherwise specified), for women with and without private health insurance

From: Age, mode of conception, health service use and pregnancy health: a prospective cohort study of Australian women

  No private health insurance Private health insurance
  Age group (years) Mode of conception Age group (years) Mode of conception
  Up to 30 31 – 36 37 and older SC ARTC Up to 30 31 – 36 37 and older SC ARTC
  n = 50 n =50 n = 26 n = 90 n = 36 n = 128 n = 168 n = 170 n = 205 n = 261
Most antenatal care from specialist obstetrician in private consulting rooms 4.0 4.1 7.7 2.2 11.4 76.8 81.5 82.6 70.3 88.8***
Consulted during pregnancy:
General practitioner 94.0 95.9 87.5 97.8 82.4* 81.7 73.5 77.3 85.8 70.0***
Hospital doctor 51.0 53.2 69.6 50.6 70.0 25.2** 12.3 22.7* 19.1 20.2
Non-obstetric medical specialist 16.7 20.9 19.0 14.3 32.1 15.3 15.6 24.8* 11.8 24.6
Midwife 85.1 95.7 95.7 90.6 93.8 46.4 45.6 47.8 52.0 42.1*
Physiotherapist / Chiropractor / Osteopath 17.0 22.7 37.5 22.9 25.0 26.4 40.8* 39.2* 32.7 38.9
Counsellor / Psychologist / Social Worker 8.5 15.9 22.7 14.5 13.3 5.6** 9.2* 17.9 8.2 13.9
Complementary health practitioner 17.5 28.2 38.1 26.8 24.1 24.5*** 35.7* 48.6 33.5 40.5
Number of ultrasound scans Mean (SD)1 2.62 (1.1) 3.54 (2.8) 3.29 (1.6)* 2.81 (1.4) 3.82 (2.8)** 3.56 (2.1)*** 3.65 (2.1)** 4.66 (3.6) 3.31 (1.7) 4.54 (3.3)***
Nuchal translucency test 71.4 86.0 79.2 78.4 80.0 83.5 92.5* 86.4 85.1 89.8
CVS or amniocentesis 16.0 18.0 15.4 17.8 13.9 14.8* 15.5* 24.7 19.5 18.0
Glucose Tolerance Test 89.8 95.9 95.5 90.9 100.0 97.7 95.1 97.0 96.1 96.9
24 hr Urine Collection 8.5 16.7 5.0 9.5 16.1 11.2 12.3 11.8 11.6 11.9
Cervical Suture 0.0 2.1 0.0 1.2 0.0 2.4 1.3 3.8 2.1 2.9
Overall antenatal care rated as good or very good 77.6 78.0 92.3 79.8 83.3 89.8 89.9 89.3 83.9 94.2***
  1. 1 For ease of interpretation, means are reported. However, non-parametric Mann–Whitney tests were used to test for between group differences, as the distribution was non-normal.
  2. *p<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001.
  3. Bold indicates statistically significantly different groups