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Table 2 Fathers’ involvement in individual aspects of pregnancy, childbirth and early parenting by parity (excluding same sex and single parents) (%)

From: Fathers’ engagement in pregnancy and childbirth: evidence from a national survey

  Primiparous women Multiparous women All women
(n = 2286) (n = 2330) (n = 4616)
Pregnancy and labour    
Overjoyed/pleased in reaction to pregnancy (4199) 82.4 82.6 82.5
Present for pregnancy test* (3121) 66.7 56.6 61.7
Present for 1 or more AN check* (3175) 73.3 51.5 62.5
Present for 1 or more ultrasound scan* (4588) 91.2 86.3 88.8
Present for 1 or more AN class* (1707) 59.9 7.7 34.2
Present for labour* (4657) 91.7 88.3 90.0
Not present for any of the above (125) 2.6 2.5 2.6
Information and decision-making    
Involved in finding information about pregnancy* (2044) 54.5 27.0 40.9
Involved in finding information about labour/birth* (1947) 51.8 25.8 38.9
Involved in making a birth plan* (2300) 65.1 50.2 57.7
Involved in decision-making regarding AN screening* (2916) 55.9 35.7 45.8
Involved in decision-making in labour* (2769) 60.0 49.5 54.8
Not involved in any of the above* (815) 11.5 21.7 16.6
Staff Communication    
Antenatally staff communication rated as good or very good* (3948) 82.6 78.7 80.7
Intrapartum staff communication rated as good or very good (4326) 87.6 88.0 87.8
Postnatally staff communication rated as good or very good (3653) 73.6 75.6 74.6
Paternity leave *    
No time off (808) 24.2 30.7 27.5
Less than two weeks off (744) 13.2 17.3 15.3
Two weeks off (2142) 48.7 40.2 44.4
More than two weeks off (625) 13.9 11.8 12.8
Father involvement postnatally (a great deal/a bit) 89.5 84.3 86.9
Nappy changing* (4419)
Helping/supporting feeding* (4440) 90.1 84.5 87.3
Helping when the baby cries (4731) 93.2 92.9 93.0
Bathing the baby* (3932) 85.3 69.3 77.3
Playing with the baby (4909) 96.9 96.2 96.5
Looking after the baby when mother out/at work (4012) 81.5 76.3 78.9
  1. * p < 0.01 AN antenatal, IP intra-partum, PN postnatal.