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Table 2 Obstetrics characteristics of cases and controls attending Coast Provincial, Kenyatta National and Nyanza Provincial hospitals in Kenya, October to December 2010

From: Factors associated with obstetric fistulae occurrence among patients attending selected hospitals in Kenya, 2010: a case control study

Variables Cases Controls
  Freq (%) Freq (%)
Duration of labour n = 70 n = 140
≤12 0(0.0) 64(45.7)
13-24 3(4.3) 54(38.6)
25-48 9(12.9) 21(15)
49-72 23(32.9) 1(0.0)
>72 35(50) 0 (0.7)
Place of delivery n = 70 n = 140
Home 19(27.1) 22(15.7)
Health Facility 51 (72.9) 118(84.3
Duration from onset of labour to decision to seek services n = 51 n = 118
≤6 hours 9 (17.6) 72(61.0)
>6 hours 42 (82.4) 46(39.0)
Time taken from home to reach the a h/facility n = 51 n = 118
≤2 hours 13 (25.5) 94(79.7)
>2 hours 38 (74.5) 24(20.3)
Referral to another facility n = 51 n = 118
Yes 28 (54.9) 12(10.1)
No 25 (45.1) 108(89.9)
Mode of delivery n = 70 n = 140
Caeserian section 42(60) 27(19.3)
Spontaneous vaginal delivery 23(32.9) 109(77.9)
Vacuum delivery 4(5.7) 4(2.9)
Forceps delivery 1(1.4) 0(0.0)
Delivery outcome n = 70 n = 140
Live birth 15(21.4) 135(96.4)
Still birth 55(78.6) 5(3.6)
Antenatal attendance n = 70 n = 140
No 18(25.7) 9 (6.4)
1 10(19.2) 2(1.4)
2 11(21.2) 12(8.6)
3 11(21.2) 37(26.4)
4+ 20(38.4) 80(57.2)
Age group at marriage n = 58 n = 123
<15 16(27.6) 5(4.1)
16-20 29 (50.0) 51(41.5)
21-25 10 (17.2) 47(38.2)
26-30 2 (3.4) 17 (13.8)
31-35 0 (0.0) 3(2.4)
36-40 1( 1.7) 0 (0.0)
41-45 1(1.7) 0(0.0)
Age group at first childbirth n = 70 n = 140
11-15 12( 17.1) 4(2.9)
16 - 20 33 (47.1) 50 ( 35.7)
21 - 25 19 (27.1) 54 (38.6)
26 - 30 4 (5.7) 25 (17.9)
31 - 35 1(1.4) 5 (3.6)
36 - 40 1 (1.4) 2 (1.4)