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Table 5 Odds ratios (95% CI) from the full model of SGA and PTB and maternal alcohol intake during pregnancy, categorized by maternal mental distress

From: Preterm birth and small for gestational age in relation to alcohol consumption during pregnancy: stronger associations among vulnerable women? results from two large Western-European studies

  ABCD study
(%) Abstainer Non-daily drinker Daily drinker
N = 3049 N = 1894 N = 295
SGA     
No distress 8.2 1.00 1.12 (0.88, 1.42) 0.67 (0.38, 1.19)
Distress 11.3 1.00 1.40 (0.72, 2.69) 1.68 (0.55, 5.08)
PTB     
No distress 4.5 1.00 0.75 (0.55, 1.03) 0.23 (0.07, 0.72)
Distress 7.0 1.00 1.01 (0.46, 2.24) 0.68 (0.14, 3.23)
  1. Full Model: adjusted for education, smoking during pregnancy, maternal height, parity, BMI, maternal age, ethnicity and hypertension.
  2. For all analyses on SGA, parity was excluded, because SGA is corrected for parity by definition.
  3. CI = confidence interval; SGA = small for gestational age; PTB = preterm birth;