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Table 3 Incidence of post-partum hemorrhage by severity of blood loss and receipt of AMTSL components (N = 39184)

From: How effective are the components of active management of the third stage of labor?

  n Blood loss ≥ 500 mL Blood loss ≥ 700 mL
No oxytocin prophylaxis   n = 932 n = 638
 No AMTSL components 1832 302 (16.5) 154 (8.4)
 UM only 959 219 (22.8) 93 (9.7)
 CCT only 4014 204 (5.1) 196 (4.9)
 UM + CCT 1416 207 (14.6) 195 (13.8)
Oxytocin prophylaxis   n = 1740 n = 807
Intramuscular administration    
  Oxytocin only 2853 560 (19.6) 109 (3.8)
  Oxytocin + CCT 6103 147 (2.4) 90 (1.5)
  Oxytocin + CCT + UM 4085 223 (5.5) 110 (2.7)
Intravenous administration    
  Oxytocin only 785 99 (12.6) 8 (1.0)
  Oxytocin + CCT 794 58 (7.3) 9 (1.1)
  Oxytocin + CCT + UM 16343 653 (4.0) 481 (2.9)
  1. Data are n (%). AMTSL denotes active management of the third stage of labor; CCT, controlled cord traction; UM, uterine massage; and PPH, post-partum hemorrhage.